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[[File:Flag of Indonesia.svg.png|400px | thumb|right|]]
 
[[File:Flag of Indonesia.svg.png|400px | thumb|right|]]
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'''OVERVIEW'''  
 
'''OVERVIEW'''  
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In Indonesia, contraception (birth control) is available, including birth control pills, injectables and IUDs. While you technically need a prescription for emergency contraception (the morning after pill), this is widely enforced in many parts of the country. You can get an STD/STI test at many clinics and facilities, and especially in Jakarta, there are many resources that assist in the treatment, counseling and support of people who are HIV+. There is an HPV vaccination pilot program in Indonesia but there is currently no PrEP program in place, as of January 2017. While there is maternity leave of 3 months, there is barely any paternity leave in place. Abortion is generally illegal in Indonesia, although it is commonly performed in an underground and clandestine capacity, often in unsafe and not recommended conditions.  
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In Indonesia, contraception (birth control) is available, including birth control pills, injectables and IUDs. While you technically need a prescription for emergency contraception (the morning after pill), this is not widely enforced in many parts of the country. You can get an STD/STI test at many clinics and facilities, and especially in Jakarta, there are many resources that assist in the treatment, counseling and support of people who are HIV+. There is an HPV vaccination pilot program in Indonesia but there is currently no PrEP program in place, as of January 2017. While there is maternity leave of 3 months, there is barely any paternity leave in place. Abortion is generally illegal in Indonesia, although it is commonly performed in an underground and clandestine capacity, often in unsafe and not recommended conditions.
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==Contraception==
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==Contraception== <!--T:4-->
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===Laws & Social Stigmas===
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===Laws & Social Stigmas=== <!--T:5-->
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<section begin=law_social />
 
In Indonesia, you can buy contraceptives without a prescription at most pharmacies (known as "apotiks"). You may be able to find a wider selection of medications, as well as more professional services, at hospital pharmacies. But even in hospital pharmacies, you will not find all brands, and Nuvaring seems unavailable in Indonesia. It is estimated that 62.9% of Indonesian women (ages 15-49) who are married or in unions use some form of contraceptive with injectables and oral contraceptives as the most common choices.<ref>[http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/publications/pdf/family/trendsContraceptiveUse2015Report.pdf Trends in Contraceptive Use 2015]</ref>
 
In Indonesia, you can buy contraceptives without a prescription at most pharmacies (known as "apotiks"). You may be able to find a wider selection of medications, as well as more professional services, at hospital pharmacies. But even in hospital pharmacies, you will not find all brands, and Nuvaring seems unavailable in Indonesia. It is estimated that 62.9% of Indonesian women (ages 15-49) who are married or in unions use some form of contraceptive with injectables and oral contraceptives as the most common choices.<ref>[http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/publications/pdf/family/trendsContraceptiveUse2015Report.pdf Trends in Contraceptive Use 2015]</ref>
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<section end=law_social />
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===What to Get & Where to Get It===
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===What to Get & Where to Get It=== <!--T:7-->
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* You can find many '''birth control pills''' in Indonesian pharmacies (or "apotek" in Indonesian). Some brands you can expect to see are Levonorgestrel Pill, Microgynon, Microgynon-30 and Nordette. To conduct a search on drug availability, check out the [http://www.mims.com/ MIMS website].  
 
* You can find many '''birth control pills''' in Indonesian pharmacies (or "apotek" in Indonesian). Some brands you can expect to see are Levonorgestrel Pill, Microgynon, Microgynon-30 and Nordette. To conduct a search on drug availability, check out the [http://www.mims.com/ MIMS website].  
 
* You can find '''condoms''' ("kondoms" in Indonesian) in many supermarkets and grocery stores. However, some Indonesians feel shy about buying condoms in public, so there are also online companies where you can buy condoms from the privacy of your own home. For example, here are some [http://www.id.all.biz/condoms-bgg1076647 online vendors] based out of Indonesia. There is also a company called [https://www.asmaraku.com/search?type=product&q=condom Asmaraku], which sells condoms and other intimate products online for Indonesians. You can find brands like Vivo, Simplex and Dasoni sold on Asmaraku, ranging in price from about RP 35,000 to 5,000 per box. The website supposedly also sells vibrating condoms. For a survey of some of the condom choices in Indonesia, here's an [http://bali.coconuts.co/2015/04/24/which-these-12-indonesian-condom-varieties-should-you-try amusing article].
 
* You can find '''condoms''' ("kondoms" in Indonesian) in many supermarkets and grocery stores. However, some Indonesians feel shy about buying condoms in public, so there are also online companies where you can buy condoms from the privacy of your own home. For example, here are some [http://www.id.all.biz/condoms-bgg1076647 online vendors] based out of Indonesia. There is also a company called [https://www.asmaraku.com/search?type=product&q=condom Asmaraku], which sells condoms and other intimate products online for Indonesians. You can find brands like Vivo, Simplex and Dasoni sold on Asmaraku, ranging in price from about RP 35,000 to 5,000 per box. The website supposedly also sells vibrating condoms. For a survey of some of the condom choices in Indonesia, here's an [http://bali.coconuts.co/2015/04/24/which-these-12-indonesian-condom-varieties-should-you-try amusing article].
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* You can also consult the Indonesian Planned Parenthood Association (IPPA) for family planning services and advice. Address: Kebayoran Baru, 12120. Tel: (021) 720 7372 / (021) 739 4123 / (021) 724 5905.
 
* You can also consult the Indonesian Planned Parenthood Association (IPPA) for family planning services and advice. Address: Kebayoran Baru, 12120. Tel: (021) 720 7372 / (021) 739 4123 / (021) 724 5905.
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===Costs===
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===Costs=== <!--T:9-->
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==Emergency Contraception==
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==Emergency Contraception== <!--T:10-->
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'''Important Notes:''' Emergency contraception may prevent pregnancy for three days (72 hours) and sometimes five days (120 hours) after unprotected sex. Take EC '''as soon as possible''' after unprotected sex. If you don't have access to dedicated EC, oral contraceptives can be used as replacement EC, but remember the following: 1) Only some contraceptives work as EC 2) Different contraceptives require different dosages and time schedules to work as EC 3) You must only use the first 21 pills in 28-day packs and 4) They may be less effective than dedicated EC. For general information on emergency contraceptives, click [https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/morning-after-pill-emergency-contraception here] and [http://ec.princeton.edu/info/ecp.html here].
 
'''Important Notes:''' Emergency contraception may prevent pregnancy for three days (72 hours) and sometimes five days (120 hours) after unprotected sex. Take EC '''as soon as possible''' after unprotected sex. If you don't have access to dedicated EC, oral contraceptives can be used as replacement EC, but remember the following: 1) Only some contraceptives work as EC 2) Different contraceptives require different dosages and time schedules to work as EC 3) You must only use the first 21 pills in 28-day packs and 4) They may be less effective than dedicated EC. For general information on emergency contraceptives, click [https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/morning-after-pill-emergency-contraception here] and [http://ec.princeton.edu/info/ecp.html here].
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===Laws & Social Stigmas===
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===Laws & Social Stigmas=== <!--T:12-->
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Emergency contraception is technically available by prescription only. In some parts of the country, like Jakarta and Ubud, pharmacists often sell emergency contraception without a prescription. However, in some other parts of the country, like Lombok, people have reported difficulty accessing emergency contraception (even with a prescription). In the private sector, the lowest cadre of health workers who are allowed to sell or dispense EC are midwives. It is estimated that 11% of Indonesian women of reproductive age have knowledge of EC and that 0.3% have ever used it.<ref>[http://www.cecinfo.org/country-by-country-information/status-availability-database/countries/indonesia/ EC Status and Availability, Indonesia]</ref>
 
Emergency contraception is technically available by prescription only. In some parts of the country, like Jakarta and Ubud, pharmacists often sell emergency contraception without a prescription. However, in some other parts of the country, like Lombok, people have reported difficulty accessing emergency contraception (even with a prescription). In the private sector, the lowest cadre of health workers who are allowed to sell or dispense EC are midwives. It is estimated that 11% of Indonesian women of reproductive age have knowledge of EC and that 0.3% have ever used it.<ref>[http://www.cecinfo.org/country-by-country-information/status-availability-database/countries/indonesia/ EC Status and Availability, Indonesia]</ref>
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Based on one study, it appeared that Indonesian health care professionals support keeping it prescription-only: "Although most participants were familiar with EC, only 22% received a very good knowledge score (4 or 5/5 answers correct), while 52% received a poor score (0–2/5 correct). Most participants did not support the OTC availability of EC (70%). Logistic regression identified that participants who prescribed EC had an Odds of 3.8 (95% CI 1.90, 7.73) of approving OTC EC, after adjustment for age and speciality."<ref>[http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1079896/ Do Indonesian medical practitioners approve the availability of emergency contraception over-the-counter?]</ref>
 
Based on one study, it appeared that Indonesian health care professionals support keeping it prescription-only: "Although most participants were familiar with EC, only 22% received a very good knowledge score (4 or 5/5 answers correct), while 52% received a poor score (0–2/5 correct). Most participants did not support the OTC availability of EC (70%). Logistic regression identified that participants who prescribed EC had an Odds of 3.8 (95% CI 1.90, 7.73) of approving OTC EC, after adjustment for age and speciality."<ref>[http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1079896/ Do Indonesian medical practitioners approve the availability of emergency contraception over-the-counter?]</ref>
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===What to Get & Where to Get It===
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===What to Get & Where to Get It=== <!--T:15-->
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* Check out this list of [http://johani-skensa.blogspot.com/2010/08/daftar-apotik-24-jam-di-dki-jakarta.html 24 hour Jakarta pharmacies].
 
* Check out this list of [http://johani-skensa.blogspot.com/2010/08/daftar-apotik-24-jam-di-dki-jakarta.html 24 hour Jakarta pharmacies].
* You can obtain dedicated emergency contraception in Indonesia at pharmacies. You may be able purchase [http://www.ellaone.se/ ellaOne], which is considered the most effective EC on the market (as of January 2017). To take ellaOne properly, you take 1 pill within 120 hours after unprotected sex. The other dedicated EC brands that you can find is Postinor 2. For Postinor-2, you should take 2 pills within 120 hours after unprotected sex.
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* You can obtain dedicated emergency contraception in Indonesia at pharmacies. You may be able purchase [http://www.ellaone.se/ ellaOne], which is considered the most effective EC on the market (as of January 2017). To take ellaOne properly, you take 1 pill within 120 hours after unprotected sex. The other dedicated EC brands that you can find is Postinor 2. For Postinor-2, you should take 2 pills within 120 hours after unprotected sex.<ref>[http://ec.princeton.edu/worldwide/ Princeton EC Website]</ref>
 
* You can have an IUD inserted to prevent pregnancy. Please refer to the "Contraception" section for details.
 
* You can have an IUD inserted to prevent pregnancy. Please refer to the "Contraception" section for details.
* If you can't access dedicated emergency contraception, you can use regular oral contraceptives (birth control pills) as emergency contraception. For combined pills (progestin-estrogen), you'll need to remember that, in 28-day packs, only the first 21 pills can be used. You can take Levonorgestrel Pill, Microgynon, Microgynon-30 or Nordette. For all of these brands, you should take 4 pills within 120 hours after unprotected sex and take 4 more pills 12 hours later.
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* If you can't access dedicated emergency contraception, you can use regular oral contraceptives (birth control pills) as emergency contraception. For combined pills (progestin-estrogen), you'll need to remember that, in 28-day packs, only the first 21 pills can be used. You can take Levonorgestrel Pill, Microgynon, Microgynon-30 or Nordette. For all of these brands, you should take 4 pills within 120 hours after unprotected sex and take 4 more pills 12 hours later.<ref>[http://ec.princeton.edu/worldwide/ Princeton EC Website]</ref>
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===Costs===
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===Costs=== <!--T:17-->
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==Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs/STDs)==
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==Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs/STDs)== <!--T:18-->
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'''Important Note:''' If you think that you've been recently exposed to HIV (i.e. within 72 hours), seek out PEP (Post-Exposure Prophylaxis). It's a month-long treatment that may prevent HIV infection, and it may be available in your city. Take PEP as soon as possible.
 
'''Important Note:''' If you think that you've been recently exposed to HIV (i.e. within 72 hours), seek out PEP (Post-Exposure Prophylaxis). It's a month-long treatment that may prevent HIV infection, and it may be available in your city. Take PEP as soon as possible.
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===Laws & Social Stigmas===
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===Laws & Social Stigmas=== <!--T:20-->
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In Indonesia, there are no travel or residency restrictions related to HIV status. You will not be asked for a medical certificate in order to enter the country. According to Indonesian law, if you want to obtain an Indonesian work visa (KITAS) from the Education Department (DIKNAS), you may need to take an HIV test.<ref>[http://www.hivtravel.org/Default.aspx?PageId=143&CountryId=88 INDONESIA - REGULATIONS ON ENTRY, STAY AND RESIDENCE FOR PLHIV]</ref> However, locals report that this is not typical and that they've never been asked for an HIV test.
 
In Indonesia, there are no travel or residency restrictions related to HIV status. You will not be asked for a medical certificate in order to enter the country. According to Indonesian law, if you want to obtain an Indonesian work visa (KITAS) from the Education Department (DIKNAS), you may need to take an HIV test.<ref>[http://www.hivtravel.org/Default.aspx?PageId=143&CountryId=88 INDONESIA - REGULATIONS ON ENTRY, STAY AND RESIDENCE FOR PLHIV]</ref> However, locals report that this is not typical and that they've never been asked for an HIV test.
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Regarding HPV, according to the HPV Information Centre, "Current estimates indicate that every year 20928 women are diagnosed
 
Regarding HPV, according to the HPV Information Centre, "Current estimates indicate that every year 20928 women are diagnosed
 
with cervical cancer and 9498 die from the disease. Cervical cancer ranks as the 2nd most frequent cancer among women in Indonesia and the 2nd most frequent cancer among women between 15 and 44 years of age. About 4.0% of women in the general population are estimated to harbour cervical HPV-16/18 infection at a given time, and 87.2% of invasive cervical cancers are attributed to HPVs 16 or 18."<ref>[http://www.hpvcentre.net/statistics/reports/IDN_FS.pdf Indonesia: Human Papillomavirus and Related Cancers, Fact Sheet 2016]</ref>
 
with cervical cancer and 9498 die from the disease. Cervical cancer ranks as the 2nd most frequent cancer among women in Indonesia and the 2nd most frequent cancer among women between 15 and 44 years of age. About 4.0% of women in the general population are estimated to harbour cervical HPV-16/18 infection at a given time, and 87.2% of invasive cervical cancers are attributed to HPVs 16 or 18."<ref>[http://www.hpvcentre.net/statistics/reports/IDN_FS.pdf Indonesia: Human Papillomavirus and Related Cancers, Fact Sheet 2016]</ref>
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===Testing Facilities===
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===Testing Facilities=== <!--T:23-->
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* For local recommendations on places to get STI tests, please visit the city pages, such as the [[Jakarta]] or [[Ubud]] pages.
 
* For local recommendations on places to get STI tests, please visit the city pages, such as the [[Jakarta]] or [[Ubud]] pages.
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===Support===
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===Support=== <!--T:25-->
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* [http://jakartaaids.org/ Jakarta AIDS Information System]
 
* [http://jakartaaids.org/ Jakarta AIDS Information System]
 
* POKDISIJS AIDS - Dr. Djoebairi Zoerban: Provides HIV treatment. Department of internal medicine, Medical faculty of the Indonesian State University, Cipto Mangoenkoesoemo Hospital, JI. Salemba Raya no. 6, Jakarta, Indonesia  
 
* POKDISIJS AIDS - Dr. Djoebairi Zoerban: Provides HIV treatment. Department of internal medicine, Medical faculty of the Indonesian State University, Cipto Mangoenkoesoemo Hospital, JI. Salemba Raya no. 6, Jakarta, Indonesia  
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* Yayasan AIDS Indonesia: Helps with Information and prevention. Address: Hotel Menara Peninsula, Lantai 3 (3rd floor), JI. Jend. S. Parman 78, Slipi, Jakarta Barat, Phone: 549 5313, 530 3951, 534 9813
 
* Yayasan AIDS Indonesia: Helps with Information and prevention. Address: Hotel Menara Peninsula, Lantai 3 (3rd floor), JI. Jend. S. Parman 78, Slipi, Jakarta Barat, Phone: 549 5313, 530 3951, 534 9813
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===Costs===
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===Costs=== <!--T:27-->
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==Medications & Vaccines==
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==Medications & Vaccines== <!--T:28-->
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===Laws & Social Stigmas===
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===Laws & Social Stigmas=== <!--T:29-->
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===What to Get & Where to Get It===
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===What to Get & Where to Get It=== <!--T:30-->
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* If you have a yeast infection, you can ask for Fluconazole at the pharmacy.
 
* If you have a yeast infection, you can ask for Fluconazole at the pharmacy.
 
* If you have a urinary tract infection (UTI), you can tell the pharmacist that you have "infeksi saluran kemih."
 
* If you have a urinary tract infection (UTI), you can tell the pharmacist that you have "infeksi saluran kemih."
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* There is currently no Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) program in Indonesia.<ref>[http://www.prepwatch.org/ PrEPWatch World Map]</ref>
 
* There is currently no Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) program in Indonesia.<ref>[http://www.prepwatch.org/ PrEPWatch World Map]</ref>
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===Costs===
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===Costs=== <!--T:32-->
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==Menstruation==
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==Menstruation== <!--T:33-->
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===Laws & Social Stigmas===
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===Laws & Social Stigmas=== <!--T:34-->
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===What to Get & Where to Get It===
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===What to Get & Where to Get It=== <!--T:35-->
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In Indonesia, pads and pantyliners are the most common menstrual product, and they can be found in grocery stores, convenience stores, pharmacies, etc. While you can find tampons in Indonesian cities, especially at international and high-end pharmacies and grocery stores, they are much less common than pads. You can look for tampons at pharmacies like Guardian and Century. Some tampon brands you can expect to see are Playtex, Laurier and Charm. You can also try to check in Japanese supermarkets for tampons. In smaller towns, you'll have great difficulty finding in tampons. As for menstrual cups, you may be able to find them from small-scale businesses, especially those that cater to an international crowd. You can also purchase them online. For example, you can order the Mooncup from the UK, which can be delivered to Indonesia - [http://www.mooncup.co.uk/buy-the-mooncup/ click here] for details. You can also order the Lunette menstrual cup online [https://www.liveloveluna.com/ LiveLoveLuna]. There appears to be no local sellers of DivaCup or LadyCup in Indonesia, so those brands should also be purchased online.
 
In Indonesia, pads and pantyliners are the most common menstrual product, and they can be found in grocery stores, convenience stores, pharmacies, etc. While you can find tampons in Indonesian cities, especially at international and high-end pharmacies and grocery stores, they are much less common than pads. You can look for tampons at pharmacies like Guardian and Century. Some tampon brands you can expect to see are Playtex, Laurier and Charm. You can also try to check in Japanese supermarkets for tampons. In smaller towns, you'll have great difficulty finding in tampons. As for menstrual cups, you may be able to find them from small-scale businesses, especially those that cater to an international crowd. You can also purchase them online. For example, you can order the Mooncup from the UK, which can be delivered to Indonesia - [http://www.mooncup.co.uk/buy-the-mooncup/ click here] for details. You can also order the Lunette menstrual cup online [https://www.liveloveluna.com/ LiveLoveLuna]. There appears to be no local sellers of DivaCup or LadyCup in Indonesia, so those brands should also be purchased online.
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===Costs===
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You can find tampons available in Bali but not in many of the popular scuba diving destinations such as Komodo. If you plan to scuba dive or participate in other water activities, it's recommended to buy a menstrual cup in advance.
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Tampon prices:
 
Tampon prices:
* * "I think is between 75 k till 90... I saw it at one of Matahari mall supermarket at Blok M. I think is Bali village supermarket." (February 2017)
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* "I think is between 75 k till 90... I saw it at one of Matahari mall supermarket at Blok M. I think is Bali village supermarket." (February 2017)
 
* "I generally pay Rp30.000 to Rp50.000 for eight tampons in Palembang, about $3 to $5." Pads are cheap -- "a couple of dollars for a dozen or more."<ref>[http://www.pinkpangea.com/tips-women-travelers-in-indonesia/ Tips for Women Travelers in Indonesia]</ref>
 
* "I generally pay Rp30.000 to Rp50.000 for eight tampons in Palembang, about $3 to $5." Pads are cheap -- "a couple of dollars for a dozen or more."<ref>[http://www.pinkpangea.com/tips-women-travelers-in-indonesia/ Tips for Women Travelers in Indonesia]</ref>
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==Gynecological Exams==
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==Gynecological Exams== <!--T:39-->
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===Laws & Social Stigmas===
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===Laws & Social Stigmas=== <!--T:40-->
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===What to Get & Where to Get It===
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===What to Get & Where to Get It=== <!--T:41-->
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* For local recommendations on places to get contraception, please visit the city pages, such as the [[Jakarta]] or [[Ubud]] pages.
 
* For local recommendations on places to get contraception, please visit the city pages, such as the [[Jakarta]] or [[Ubud]] pages.
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===Costs===
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===Costs=== <!--T:43-->
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==Pregnancy==
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==Pregnancy== <!--T:44-->
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===Laws & Social Stigmas===
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===Laws & Social Stigmas=== <!--T:45-->
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According to Indonesian law, women must receive 3 months of maternity leave with 100% of their wages covered. They must take at least half of their maternity time after the birth. If a pregnant woman can receive the proper paperwork from her doctor, she can also be allowed to not work between 11 PM to 7 AM.<ref>[https://www.angloinfo.com/how-to/indonesia/healthcare/pregnancy-birth/maternity-leave Maternity Leave in Indonesia]</ref> While some sources say that men have absolutely no paternity coverage, other sources ay that men can receive 2 days of leave when their wives give birth.<ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parental_leave Parental Leave]</ref>
 
According to Indonesian law, women must receive 3 months of maternity leave with 100% of their wages covered. They must take at least half of their maternity time after the birth. If a pregnant woman can receive the proper paperwork from her doctor, she can also be allowed to not work between 11 PM to 7 AM.<ref>[https://www.angloinfo.com/how-to/indonesia/healthcare/pregnancy-birth/maternity-leave Maternity Leave in Indonesia]</ref> While some sources say that men have absolutely no paternity coverage, other sources ay that men can receive 2 days of leave when their wives give birth.<ref>[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parental_leave Parental Leave]</ref>
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If you are in Jakarta, the best prenatal care be found in private hospitals. However, Indonesian women, especially in rural areas, have a variety of ways of accessing prenatal care. To read a more comprehensive run-down of services, check out [https://www.angloinfo.com/how-to/indonesia/healthcare/pregnancy-birth/the-birth this article] from AngloInfo.
 
If you are in Jakarta, the best prenatal care be found in private hospitals. However, Indonesian women, especially in rural areas, have a variety of ways of accessing prenatal care. To read a more comprehensive run-down of services, check out [https://www.angloinfo.com/how-to/indonesia/healthcare/pregnancy-birth/the-birth this article] from AngloInfo.
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===What to Get & Where to Get It===
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===What to Get & Where to Get It=== <!--T:48-->
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* The best prenatal health care in Indonesia can be found in Jakarta. Many Indonesian women still have home births with midwives (especially in rural areas), but many others use hospitals. The best hospitals in Jakarta are private hospitals and international clinics. Unfortunately, these private facilities are more expensive, so they are not accessible to many women and families. According to AngloInfo, "When choosing a hospital in an urban area, it is suggested to clarify whether emergency facilities such as neo-natal intensive care are available, if the father is allowed to be present at the birth, and which procedures the hospital uses for births."<ref>[https://www.angloinfo.com/how-to/indonesia/healthcare/pregnancy-birth/the-birth Indonesia - The Birth]</ref>
 
* The best prenatal health care in Indonesia can be found in Jakarta. Many Indonesian women still have home births with midwives (especially in rural areas), but many others use hospitals. The best hospitals in Jakarta are private hospitals and international clinics. Unfortunately, these private facilities are more expensive, so they are not accessible to many women and families. According to AngloInfo, "When choosing a hospital in an urban area, it is suggested to clarify whether emergency facilities such as neo-natal intensive care are available, if the father is allowed to be present at the birth, and which procedures the hospital uses for births."<ref>[https://www.angloinfo.com/how-to/indonesia/healthcare/pregnancy-birth/the-birth Indonesia - The Birth]</ref>
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===Costs===
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===Costs=== <!--T:50-->
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==Abortion==
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==Abortion== <!--T:51-->
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===Laws & Social Stigmas===
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===Laws & Social Stigmas=== <!--T:52-->
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<!--T:53-->
 
In Indonesia, abortion law is very strict and modeled after the Dutch Criminal Code. According to Indonesian law, abortion is prohibited except for very specific circumstances, which include: if there is a medical emergency determined at early stages of the pregnancy, if the pregnancy endangers the life of the mother or the fetus, if the fetus is at risk of a genetic disease or if the pregnancy is a result  of rape. In all other circumstances, abortion is illegal.  
 
In Indonesia, abortion law is very strict and modeled after the Dutch Criminal Code. According to Indonesian law, abortion is prohibited except for very specific circumstances, which include: if there is a medical emergency determined at early stages of the pregnancy, if the pregnancy endangers the life of the mother or the fetus, if the fetus is at risk of a genetic disease or if the pregnancy is a result  of rape. In all other circumstances, abortion is illegal.  
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Despite the strict abortion laws, Indonesia has a high abortion rate. While there is no official data, it's estimated that 2 million induced abortions occur in Indonesia each year and that the deaths caused by unsafe abortions account for 14-16% of all maternal deaths in Southeast Asia. Furthermore, estimates indicate that Indonesia experiences 20% more abortions per year than in Southeast Asia as a whole. Sadly, three out of one thousand women are hospitalized in Indonesia every year from botched abortions.<ref>[http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-06-15/indonesias-secret-abortion-problem Indonesia's secret abortion problem]</ref>  
 
Despite the strict abortion laws, Indonesia has a high abortion rate. While there is no official data, it's estimated that 2 million induced abortions occur in Indonesia each year and that the deaths caused by unsafe abortions account for 14-16% of all maternal deaths in Southeast Asia. Furthermore, estimates indicate that Indonesia experiences 20% more abortions per year than in Southeast Asia as a whole. Sadly, three out of one thousand women are hospitalized in Indonesia every year from botched abortions.<ref>[http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-06-15/indonesias-secret-abortion-problem Indonesia's secret abortion problem]</ref>  
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There are many methods of abortion in Indonesia. First, there is also a loophole in Indonesian law that can sort-of (in a grey area way) permit abortion: Menstrual Regulation. This law allows that women can receive vacuum aspiration as a procedure to "regulate" their menstruation if they have missed their period. Studies show that the majority of women who receive MR procedures in Indonesia are married and educated.<ref>[https://www.guttmacher.org/sites/default/files/report_pdf/ib_abortion_indonesia_0.pdf Guttmacher Institute: Abortion in Indonesia]</ref>
 
There are many methods of abortion in Indonesia. First, there is also a loophole in Indonesian law that can sort-of (in a grey area way) permit abortion: Menstrual Regulation. This law allows that women can receive vacuum aspiration as a procedure to "regulate" their menstruation if they have missed their period. Studies show that the majority of women who receive MR procedures in Indonesia are married and educated.<ref>[https://www.guttmacher.org/sites/default/files/report_pdf/ib_abortion_indonesia_0.pdf Guttmacher Institute: Abortion in Indonesia]</ref>
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Due to lack of economic resources, accessibility and education, many Indonesian women resort to traditional and folk methods to induce abortion. Perhaps one of the most common traditional methods is massage, also known as "pijat" in Indonesia. This is the traditional method performed by a "Dukun Bayi," meaning it's not performed by a trained health care professional and is therefore not recommended. Nevertheless, it remains one of the most popular methods for poor and rural women due to lack of options. Some other women ingest an herbal drink called "Jamu," which originates from Java. The most effective Jamu for menstrual regulation and abortion is considered to be "Jamu telat bulan" (or Jamu Peluntur), which is made of boiled roots and leaves. It is common for women to find that they're still pregnant after attempting to drink Jamu many times, so they then seek out other abortion options.<ref>[http://wiki.ubc.ca/Abortion_In_Indonesia Abortion in Indonesia]</ref>
 
Due to lack of economic resources, accessibility and education, many Indonesian women resort to traditional and folk methods to induce abortion. Perhaps one of the most common traditional methods is massage, also known as "pijat" in Indonesia. This is the traditional method performed by a "Dukun Bayi," meaning it's not performed by a trained health care professional and is therefore not recommended. Nevertheless, it remains one of the most popular methods for poor and rural women due to lack of options. Some other women ingest an herbal drink called "Jamu," which originates from Java. The most effective Jamu for menstrual regulation and abortion is considered to be "Jamu telat bulan" (or Jamu Peluntur), which is made of boiled roots and leaves. It is common for women to find that they're still pregnant after attempting to drink Jamu many times, so they then seek out other abortion options.<ref>[http://wiki.ubc.ca/Abortion_In_Indonesia Abortion in Indonesia]</ref>
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Among modern methods, you can find dilatation and curettage (D&C), which is taught in many Indonesian medical schools and also known by Indonesian midwives (but is often practiced illegally in unsafe environments). Some women also get saline injections in the second trimester, but it's not often not effective in fully inducing abortion. There is also a black market for the abortion pill, but there are many unsafe pills and you should be very careful.
 
Among modern methods, you can find dilatation and curettage (D&C), which is taught in many Indonesian medical schools and also known by Indonesian midwives (but is often practiced illegally in unsafe environments). Some women also get saline injections in the second trimester, but it's not often not effective in fully inducing abortion. There is also a black market for the abortion pill, but there are many unsafe pills and you should be very careful.
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According to a 2015 report, the most common methods of abortion in Indonesia were vacuum aspiration or D&C (38%), oral medication or massage (25%), injected abortifacient (13%), foreign objects inserted into the vagina or uterus (8%), magic (8%), herbal methods or other methods inserted into the vagina/uterus (5%), and acupuncture (4%).<ref>[https://www.guttmacher.org/sites/default/files/report_pdf/ib_abortion_indonesia_0.pdf Guttmacher Institute: Abortion in Indonesia]</ref> Many of these methods are unsafe and one should exercise extreme caution when considering the best method. Please contact a health provider (we have recommendations below in the "What To Get & Where To Get It") section before seeking out an abortion option.
 
According to a 2015 report, the most common methods of abortion in Indonesia were vacuum aspiration or D&C (38%), oral medication or massage (25%), injected abortifacient (13%), foreign objects inserted into the vagina or uterus (8%), magic (8%), herbal methods or other methods inserted into the vagina/uterus (5%), and acupuncture (4%).<ref>[https://www.guttmacher.org/sites/default/files/report_pdf/ib_abortion_indonesia_0.pdf Guttmacher Institute: Abortion in Indonesia]</ref> Many of these methods are unsafe and one should exercise extreme caution when considering the best method. Please contact a health provider (we have recommendations below in the "What To Get & Where To Get It") section before seeking out an abortion option.
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===What to Get & Where to Get It===
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===What to Get & Where to Get It=== <!--T:59-->
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* If you need to get an abortion but don't know where to turn in Indonesia, you should consider contacting [http://www.samsara.or.id/ Indonesia Samsara]. They can let you know the available resources and your options. Phone: 0813 2717 1188 (Telkomsel), 0857 2900 1188 (IM3), 0878 3977 0033 (XL) and 0896 7467 7433 (Three). Email: samsara.indonesia@gmail.com. Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/samsar4/
 
* If you need to get an abortion but don't know where to turn in Indonesia, you should consider contacting [http://www.samsara.or.id/ Indonesia Samsara]. They can let you know the available resources and your options. Phone: 0813 2717 1188 (Telkomsel), 0857 2900 1188 (IM3), 0878 3977 0033 (XL) and 0896 7467 7433 (Three). Email: samsara.indonesia@gmail.com. Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/samsar4/
 
* You can potentially get the "abortion pill" by mail. Check out [https://www.womenonweb.org/en/i-need-an-abortion this link] for details.
 
* You can potentially get the "abortion pill" by mail. Check out [https://www.womenonweb.org/en/i-need-an-abortion this link] for details.
* If you are looking to obtain an abortion, there is an underground network of pro-life doctors and feminists who may help you. Ask around.
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* If you are considering leaving the country to obtain a legal abortion, you can obtain a legal abortions in [[Vietnam]], [[Cambodia]], [[India]], [[Australia]] and [[China]]. You can also get an abortion in [[Japan]], where there are some restrictions but most women find a way to get it under the law.
* If you are considering leaving the country to obtain a legal abortion, you can legal abortions on request in [[Vietnam]], [[India]], [[Australia]] and [[China]]. You can also get an abortion in [[Japan]], where there are some restrictions but most women find a way to get it under the law.
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===Costs===
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===Costs=== <!--T:61-->
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If you are pregnant and considering getting an abortion outside Indonesia, you will need to consider the following costs: transportation to the country where you will be obtaining an abortion, hotel or accommodation costs in that country, cost of the abortion in the country and the total amount of days you may need to be in the country both before and after the abortion.
 
If you are pregnant and considering getting an abortion outside Indonesia, you will need to consider the following costs: transportation to the country where you will be obtaining an abortion, hotel or accommodation costs in that country, cost of the abortion in the country and the total amount of days you may need to be in the country both before and after the abortion.
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==Advocacy & Counseling==
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==Advocacy & Counseling== <!--T:63-->
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* [http://www.talithakumsea.org/ Talitha Kum]: This is a Catholic religious sisterhood of women who help victims of human trafficking. "We, members of Talitha Kum Southeast Asia, as consecrated persons and lay partners, are committed to eradicating human trafficking, modern-day slavery, forced labour and debt bondage, especially among children and women, in the Southeast/East Asia region." Email: apwrath@apwrath.org
 
* [http://www.talithakumsea.org/ Talitha Kum]: This is a Catholic religious sisterhood of women who help victims of human trafficking. "We, members of Talitha Kum Southeast Asia, as consecrated persons and lay partners, are committed to eradicating human trafficking, modern-day slavery, forced labour and debt bondage, especially among children and women, in the Southeast/East Asia region." Email: apwrath@apwrath.org
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===Laws & Social Stigmas===
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===What to Get & Where to Get It===
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===What to Get & Where to Get It=== <!--T:66-->
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===Costs===
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==List of Additional Resources==
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==List of Additional Resources== <!--T:68-->
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==References==
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