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Difference between revisions of "Maputo"

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(Laws & Social Stigmas)
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===Laws & Social Stigmas===
 
===Laws & Social Stigmas===
  
In Mozambique, emergency contraceptive pills (morning after pills) are available over-the-counter at pharmacies. You can also find them at public sector clinics and social marketing programs. No prescription is required.<ref>[https://www.cecinfo.org/country-by-country-information/status-availability-database/countries/mozambique/ EC Status and Availability - Mozambique]</ref>
+
In Mozambique, emergency contraceptive pills (morning after pills) are available over-the-counter at pharmacies. You can also find them at public sector clinics and social marketing programs. No prescription is required.<ref name="ecstatus_mozambique">[https://www.cecinfo.org/country-by-country-information/status-availability-database/countries/mozambique/ EC Status and Availability - Mozambique]</ref>
  
Generally speaking, emergency contraceptive pills are accessible in pharmacies and clinics in Mozambique, particularly in larger cities. However, the knowledge of emergency contraceptives (i.e. what they are, how to use them, etc) may be low among the general populace. In 2014, it was estimated that about 15% of women (of reproductive age) in Mozambique had knowledge of emergency contraceptive options, and 0.9% had ever used emergency contraception. This showed growth in knowledge from 2011, when an estimated 10% of women (of reproductive age) in had knowledge of emergency contraceptive options, but it should be emphasized that education and knowledge of emergency contraceptive is still a concern. In 2015, a study conducted by DKT International found that, while emergency contraceptive pills were available in many pharmacies (i.e. 31 out of the 34 of the pharmacies that they surveyed carried the pill), many pharmacists or pharmacy employees held little knowledge of emergency contraception (such as the correct way to use it).<ref>[https://www.cecinfo.org/country-by-country-information/status-availability-database/countries/mozambique/ EC Status and Availability - Mozambique]</ref>
+
Generally speaking, emergency contraceptive pills are accessible in pharmacies and clinics in Mozambique, particularly in larger cities. However, the knowledge of emergency contraceptives (i.e. what they are, how to use them, etc) may be low among the general populace. In 2014, it was estimated that about 15% of women (of reproductive age) in Mozambique had knowledge of emergency contraceptive options, and 0.9% had ever used emergency contraception. This showed growth in knowledge from 2011, when an estimated 10% of women (of reproductive age) in had knowledge of emergency contraceptive options, but it should be emphasized that education and knowledge of emergency contraceptive is still a concern. In 2015, a study conducted by DKT International found that, while emergency contraceptive pills were available in many pharmacies (i.e. 31 out of the 34 of the pharmacies that they surveyed carried the pill), many pharmacists or pharmacy employees held little knowledge of emergency contraception (such as the correct way to use it).<ref name =""ecstatus_mozambique" />
  
 
===What to Get & Where to Get It===
 
===What to Get & Where to Get It===
  
* You can find emergency contraceptive pills (morning after pills) available at many venues, including pharmacies, clinics and hospitals, social marketing programs, sexual violence programs, family planning programs, and SRH youth-friendly services. They are sold over-the-counter (no prescription required). Some brands you may find are Escinor 1.5, Postinor-2, Pregnon, and SEKURE.<ref>[https://www.cecinfo.org/country-by-country-information/status-availability-database/countries/mozambique/ EC Status and Availability - Mozambique]</ref>
+
* You can find emergency contraceptive pills (morning after pills) available at many venues, including pharmacies, clinics and hospitals, social marketing programs, sexual violence programs, family planning programs, and SRH youth-friendly services. They are sold over-the-counter (no prescription required). Some brands you may find are Escinor 1.5, Postinor-2, Pregnon, and SEKURE.<ref name =""ecstatus_mozambique" />
 +
 
 
* Not: The longest-lasting EC is currently [http://www.ellaone.com/ ellaOne]. It lasts up to 5 days (120 hours) after unprotected sex. Check to see if your country carries ellaOne. If your country doesn't carry ellaOne, copper IUDs may also prevent pregnancy up to 5 days after unprotected sex. If none of these options are available, and it's been over 3 days since you had unprotected sex, you can still take EC, which may work up to 5 days. Note that EC pills are not 100% effective and should be taken as soon as possible.
 
* Not: The longest-lasting EC is currently [http://www.ellaone.com/ ellaOne]. It lasts up to 5 days (120 hours) after unprotected sex. Check to see if your country carries ellaOne. If your country doesn't carry ellaOne, copper IUDs may also prevent pregnancy up to 5 days after unprotected sex. If none of these options are available, and it's been over 3 days since you had unprotected sex, you can still take EC, which may work up to 5 days. Note that EC pills are not 100% effective and should be taken as soon as possible.
  
 
===Costs===
 
===Costs===
  
* You can get the emergency contraceptive pill (Postinor-2) in public health facilities, free of charge.<ref>[https://www.cecinfo.org/country-by-country-information/status-availability-database/countries/mozambique/ EC Status and Availability - Mozambique]</ref>
+
* You can get the emergency contraceptive pill (Postinor-2) in public health facilities, free of charge.<ref name =""ecstatus_mozambique" />
* If you purchase emergency contraceptive pills at a private clinic or pharmacy, you can expect to pay around $1.20 - $3, as of 2015.<ref>[https://www.cecinfo.org/country-by-country-information/status-availability-database/countries/mozambique/ EC Status and Availability - Mozambique]</ref>
+
 
 +
* If you purchase emergency contraceptive pills at a private clinic or pharmacy, you can expect to pay around $1.20 - $3, as of 2015.<ref name =""ecstatus_mozambique" />
  
 
==Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs/STDs)==
 
==Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs/STDs)==

Revision as of 18:37, 18 February 2019

Mozambique / Maputo
Maputo.jpg

OVERVIEW

Contraception (Birth Control)

General Note: There are many types of contraceptives, also known as "birth control," including IUDs, oral contraceptives, patches, shots, and condoms, etc. If you would like to view a full list, click here.

Laws & Social Stigmas

In Mozambique, you can purchase condoms and birth control pills at pharmacies without a prescription. While you may technically need a prescription for birth control pills, this is not typically enforced, and birth control pills are available over-the-counter.[1] [2] However, for other forms of contraception, such as implants, injectables, and IUDs, you may need to directly visit a hospital or clinic to obtain them.

In 2015, it was estimated that about 18% of women (who were married/in unions and between ages 15 to 49) in Mozambique were using any form of contraception. Furthermore, about 28% of women have unmet family planning needs.[3]

What to Get & Where to Get It

Costs

The cost of a Mirena IUD is 30 000 MZN (440$ USD equivalent) but the copper IUD is also available for about 10$ USD, as of 2017. Condoms (preservatives) are widely available in pharmacies and supermarket at a very low cost.

Emergency Contraception (Morning After Pill)

Important Notes: Emergency contraception may prevent pregnancy for three days (72 hours) and sometimes five days (120 hours) after unprotected sex. Take EC as soon as possible after unprotected sex to prevent pregnancy. If you don't have access to dedicated EC, oral contraceptives can be used as replacement EC, but remember the following: 1) Only some contraceptives work as EC 2) Different contraceptives require different dosages and time schedules to work as EC 3) You must only use the first 21 pills in 28-day packs and 4) They may be less effective than dedicated EC. For general information on emergency contraceptives, click here and here.

Laws & Social Stigmas

In Mozambique, emergency contraceptive pills (morning after pills) are available over-the-counter at pharmacies. You can also find them at public sector clinics and social marketing programs. No prescription is required.[4]

Generally speaking, emergency contraceptive pills are accessible in pharmacies and clinics in Mozambique, particularly in larger cities. However, the knowledge of emergency contraceptives (i.e. what they are, how to use them, etc) may be low among the general populace. In 2014, it was estimated that about 15% of women (of reproductive age) in Mozambique had knowledge of emergency contraceptive options, and 0.9% had ever used emergency contraception. This showed growth in knowledge from 2011, when an estimated 10% of women (of reproductive age) in had knowledge of emergency contraceptive options, but it should be emphasized that education and knowledge of emergency contraceptive is still a concern. In 2015, a study conducted by DKT International found that, while emergency contraceptive pills were available in many pharmacies (i.e. 31 out of the 34 of the pharmacies that they surveyed carried the pill), many pharmacists or pharmacy employees held little knowledge of emergency contraception (such as the correct way to use it).[5]

What to Get & Where to Get It

  • You can find emergency contraceptive pills (morning after pills) available at many venues, including pharmacies, clinics and hospitals, social marketing programs, sexual violence programs, family planning programs, and SRH youth-friendly services. They are sold over-the-counter (no prescription required). Some brands you may find are Escinor 1.5, Postinor-2, Pregnon, and SEKURE.[5]
  • Not: The longest-lasting EC is currently ellaOne. It lasts up to 5 days (120 hours) after unprotected sex. Check to see if your country carries ellaOne. If your country doesn't carry ellaOne, copper IUDs may also prevent pregnancy up to 5 days after unprotected sex. If none of these options are available, and it's been over 3 days since you had unprotected sex, you can still take EC, which may work up to 5 days. Note that EC pills are not 100% effective and should be taken as soon as possible.

Costs

  • You can get the emergency contraceptive pill (Postinor-2) in public health facilities, free of charge.[5]
  • If you purchase emergency contraceptive pills at a private clinic or pharmacy, you can expect to pay around $1.20 - $3, as of 2015.[5]

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs/STDs)

Important Notes - Learn about PEP and PrEP: If you think that you've been recently exposed to HIV (i.e. within 72 hours), seek out PEP (Post-Exposure Prophylaxis). It's a month-long treatment to prevent HIV infection after exposure, and it may be available in your city. Take PEP as soon as possible. For more information, click here. If you are at risk of HIV exposure, seek out PrEP (Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis). It's a daily oral pill that can prevent HIV infection before exposure. To learn more about PrEP, click here.

Laws & Social Stigmas

In Mozambique, there are no known travel or residency restrictions for people with HIV/AIDS. This means that you can enter the country, regardless of your HIV status, and you should not be deported if you test positive for HIV while you are in the country.[6]

Testing Facilities

Support

  • Clínica de Sommerschield (diagnosis, testing, therapies): Rua Pereira do Logo 52, Maputo. Phone: +258 1 493 924 /5/6
  • Centro de Saúde do Alto-Maé (voluntary counselling and testing), Maputo; Phone: +258 1 403 073
  • Kindlimuka (Association of people with HIV/AIDS): Maputo. Phone: +258 1 422 651
  • Tip from HIVTravel: "In Mozambique, treatment facilities for people with HIV/AIDS are limited to some private clinics in Maputo, the clinics "Sommerschield" and "Cruz Azul" for example. These clinics have the main combination therapies in stock and can import them from neighbouring South Africa. However, there is no appropriate laboratory equipment. People who live with HIV/AIDS should also be aware of their specific vulnerability caused by other infectious diseases that are common in Mozambique (like malaria, hepatitis, tuberculosis, cholera, meningitis, parasitosis etc.)."[7]

Costs

Medications & Vaccines

Laws & Social Stigmas

What to Get & Where to Get It

Costs

Menstruation

Note: In addition to pads and tampons, you can also use menstrual cups and menstrual underwear for your period. To learn more about menstrual cups, click here. To learn more about menstrual underwear, click here.

Laws & Social Stigmas

What to Get & Where to Get It

Costs

Gynecological Exams

Laws & Social Stigmas

What to Get & Where to Get It

You can see one of the best female gynaecologist in the country at clinic ICOR (Instituto Do Coracao). Tel. +258 214 1634 7 Address: 1111 Avenue Kenneth Kaunda in Summershield area. Ask for Dr. Elizabeth Mulhovo. She is available on Tuesdays and Thursdays and speaks English fluently. Although ICOR clinic reception staff speak english, you will struggle to make an appointment over the phone; it is best to go in person. This is one of the best private clinics in the country, specializing in cardiology, but you will be able to have any test, procedure, or surgery done there.

Costs

The cost of a gynaecological consultation at clinic ICOR is 1800 MZN (or 26$ USD equivalent). Credit card payment is available, as of 2017. The cost of a Mirena IUD is 30 000 MZN (440$ USD equivalent) but the copper IUD is also available for about 10$ USD, as of 2017.

Pregnancy

Laws & Social Stigmas

What to Get & Where to Get It

Costs

Abortion

Important Note: There are two main types of abortions: medical (also known as the "abortion pill") and surgical (also known as "in-clinic"). For medical abortions, you take a pill to induce abortion. For surgical abortions, a procedure is performed to induce abortion. For general information about medical and surgical abortions, click here.

Laws & Social Stigmas

Since 2014, abortions have been legally available upon request in Mozambique. You can have an abortion within the first 12 weeks of pregnancy for any reason, you can have an abortion within 16 weeks in case of rape.[8] For more information, click here.

What to Get & Where to Get It

  • Rua Vila Namuali No 246, Bairro da Malhangalene, Maputo, Moçambique. forum@forumulher.org.mz; +25821414037/21414055; +25821414037

Costs

Advocacy & Counseling

Laws & Social Stigmas

What to Get & Where to Get It

Costs

List of Additional Resources

  • Ministry of Health
  • The Associação Moçambicana para Desenvolvimento da Família (AMODEFA): "The Associação Moçambicana para Desenvolvimento da Família (AMODEFA) was formed in 1989. Like most IPPF Member Associations, the organization’s initial focus was family planning, but over the years it has diversified to cover a wider range of sexual and reproductive health (SHR) requirements including emergency obstetrics care, antenatal and post-natal care, and services dedicated to the prevention, treatment and management of HIV and AIDS."
  • Family Planning 2020 - Mozambique: "Mozambique became a FP2020 commitment maker in 2012. Mozambique strives to increase the use of modern contraceptive methods by adolescents in secondary schools across the country."
  • Equaldex - Mozambique: Click here to learn about LGBTQ rights and laws in Mozambique.

References

  1. Global Oral Contraception Availability
  2. Free the Pill: Where on Earth?
  3. Trends in Contraceptive Use Worldwide 2015
  4. EC Status and Availability - Mozambique
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named name
  6. MOZAMBIQUE - REGULATIONS ON ENTRY, STAY AND RESIDENCE FOR PLHIV
  7. MOZAMBIQUE - REGULATIONS ON ENTRY, STAY AND RESIDENCE FOR PLHIV
  8. Women on Waves - Mozambique