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Difference between revisions of "Montreal/en"

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My name's Pansy McElhaney but everybody calls me Pansy. I'm from United States. I'm studying at the high school (3rd year) and I play the Tuba for 9 years. Usually I choose songs from the famous films :). <br>I have two brothers. I love Inline Skating, watching TV (Breaking Bad) and Roller skating.<br>Take a look at my website<br><br><br><br>Here is my web page :: internet marketing tips for Beginners ([])
[[File:Montreal.jpg|400px | thumb|right|]]
In Montreal you will find an incredible range of health care options. Contraceptive methods, including condoms, pills, patches, shots, etc, are widely available. While contraceptives are not subsidized by the Canadian health care system for all people, you can find lower-cost pills and IUDs (including insertion) at public sexual health clinics. You can purchase emergency contraception ("the morning after pill") at pharmacies or obtain it at sexual health clinics. There are no formal age restrictions but pharmacists can refuse to dispense EC to people who do not seem "mature." There are many public sexual health clinics that offer STI tests. While some only cover HIV, other clinics can test for a range of STIs, especially if you make an appointment rather than dropping in. There is an HPV vaccination program in place. You can access Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) and Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP). Regarding abortions, they are legal and there are no formal restrictions. If you have a valid Quebec health insurance card (RAMQ), medical and surgical abortions at free.
==Contraception (Birth Control)==
'''General Note:''' There are many types of contraceptives, also known as "birth control," including IUDs, oral contraceptives, patches, shots, and condoms, etc. If you would like to view a full list, click [ here].
===Laws & Social Stigmas===
In Canada, you can find condoms sold in many stores. For other birth control options, like the pill, IUD, shot or implant, you will need a prescription from a physician or nurse.  
Generally, Canada has a high rate of contraceptive use. It's estimated that over 70% of Canadian women (of reproductive age) use modern contraceptive methods, and about 22% of Canadian men have underwent male sterilization.<ref>[ Trends in
Contraceptive Use Worldwide 2015]</ref> Yet some women still face difficulty when trying to access birth control. The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada found that Canadian women have less birth-control options than women in other developed countries.<ref>[ It's time to give Canadian women more options when it comes to birth control, experts say]</ref> Furthermore, the Canadian Contraception Consensus report found that 15% of sexually-active Canadian women aren't using any form of birth control, and 20% are using birth control inconsistently. The largest barrier  is probably cost. Contraceptives aren't free under Canada's universal health care plan, and affordable birth control options are typically found through the public sexual health clinics (which can have limited drug choices, limited opening hours and long wait times). It should be stressed, however, that these clinics do provide affordable options and are an invaluable resource in Canada.<ref>[ Canada lags behind other nations in birth control access, and it's costing us]</ref>
===What to Get & Where to Get It===
* You can buy '''condoms''' online at [ Top Condoms Canada], [] and [ Undercover Condoms], at any pharmacy and most corner stores (depanneur).
* You can get '''birth control pills''' at pharmacies or health centers.
* If you want an '''IUD''', you can get it at many health centers and clinics. For example, at [ ForceMedic Women's Health Clinic], you can get the Mona Lisa IUD (insertion and device). You can get Mirena insertion at [ Clinique médicale Fémina].
* For contraceptive shots (Depo-Provera), you can get them at [ Clinique médicale Fémina].
While Canada has a universal health care system, it does not offer free contraceptives. You can get lower-cost birth control at the public sexual health clinics (for example: birth control pills ranging from free to $10/per month supply, and IUDs for $60). If you get IUDs at a private clinic, you can expect to pay around $55 (for Mona Lisa), $290-$300 (for Jaydess) or $360-380 (for Mirena).
==Emergency Contraception (Morning After Pill)==
'''Important Notes:''' Emergency contraception may prevent pregnancy for three days (72 hours) and sometimes five days (120 hours) after unprotected sex. Take EC '''as soon as possible''' after unprotected sex. If you don't have access to dedicated EC, oral contraceptives can be used as replacement EC, but remember the following: 1) Only some contraceptives work as EC 2) Different contraceptives require different dosages and time schedules to work as EC 3) You must only use the first 21 pills in 28-day packs and 4) They may be less effective than dedicated EC. For general information on emergency contraceptives, click [ here] and [ here].
===Laws & Social Stigmas===
In Canada, emergency contraception (also known as "the morning after pill") is available over the counter. They can be found in public sector hospitals and pharmacies.
There are some age restrictions when purchasing EC. As reported by the International Consortium for Emergency Contraception, " In May 2008, the National Association of Pharmacy Regulatory Authorities (NAPRA) recommended full OTC access for the LNG regimen with no age restriction. This recommendation is being applied Under Common Law; however, pharmacists have the discretion to restrict sale of EC if a woman does not appear mature. All provinces follow Common Law with the exception of Quebec, which follows Civil Code, and Saskatchewan."<ref>[ EC Status and Availability: Canada]</ref>
===What to Get & Where to Get It===
In Canada, if you want dedicated progestin-only EC, you can take NorLevo 0.75 mg (available over the counter) or Plan B (available over the counter). You should take 2 pills within 120 hours after unprotected sex. If you can't access dedicated EC, you can use some oral contraceptives as replacement EC -- but, remember: in 28-day packs, only the first 21 pills can be used. Some of the contraceptives you can use are Ovral (take 2 pills within 120 hours after unprotected sex and take 2 more pills 12 hours later), Minovral (take 4 pills within 120 hours after unprotected sex and take 4 more pills 12 hours later) and Alesse (take 5 pills within 120 hours after unprotected sex and take 5 more pills 12 hours later).<ref>[ Princeton EC website]</ref>
'''Note:''' The longest-lasting EC is currently [ ellaOne]. It lasts up to 5 days (120 hours) after unprotected sex. It seems like ellaOne is available in Canada. However, a prescription may be required to purchase it. Check with your pharmacist or local sexual health clinic for details.
Prices vary, depending on where you bought the emergency contraception. If you go to a pharmacy, you can expect to pay around $23-$30 (as of 2013). If you go to a community health clinic, you can expect to pay around $13-$20 (as of 2013).
==Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs/STDs)==
'''Important Notes - Learn about PEP and PrEP:''' If you think that you've been recently exposed to HIV (i.e. within 72 hours), seek out PEP (Post-Exposure Prophylaxis). It's a month-long treatment to prevent HIV infection after exposure, and it may be available in your city. Take PEP as soon as possible. For more information, click [ here]. If you are at risk of HIV exposure, seek out PrEP (Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis). It's a daily oral pill that can prevent HIV infection before exposure. To learn more about PrEP, click [ here].
===Laws & Social Stigmas===
In Canada, there are no travel restrictions attached to STI or HIV status. However, if you wish to stay in Canada for over 6 months, you'll need to get an HIV test. If you test positive, you probably won't be granted a residency permit. You will still be issued a residence permit if you fall into one of the following categories: you're an HIV-positive refugee, you're an HIV-positive sponsored spouse or common law partner of a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, or if you're an HIV-positive sponsored and dependent child of a Canadian citizen or permanent resident.
As reported by HIVTravel, "Accessing health care in Canada is expensive for non-Canadian residents or visitors and the cost varies from one province to another. Canada is a federation of provinces and territories and health care is the responsibility of each province or territory. Access to services can vary a bit from one province to another. In general, visitors to Canada need private health insurance from their home countries to pay for major medical costs here." For more details on HIV treatment for foreigners in Canada, click [ here].
===Testing Facilities===
Check out this [ list] of STI testing sites in Montreal,
* [ Medical Clinic L'Actuel]: Provides HIV test (including rapid test), along with other STI test. There's a $20 fee. They also have PEP. Address : 1001, boul. De Maisonneuve Est, Suite 1130, Montreal, H2L 4P9. Phone : 514-524-1001.
* [ Medical clinic L'Alternative]: Address : 2034, rue Saint-Hubert, Montreal, H2X 3Z5. Phone : 514-281-9848.
* [ Medical Clinic of the Latin Quarter]: Address : 905, boul. René Lévesque East, Montreal. Phone : 514-285-5500.
* CLSC service points Outskirts: Telephone : 514-527-2361
** 1705 Visitation Street, Montreal, H2X 3C3
** 1250 Sanguinet Street, Montreal, H2X 3E7
** 2260 Parthenais, Montreal, H2K 3T5
* [ Jewish General Hospital Infectious Diseases and STIs Walk in clinic (Côte-des-Neiges)]: Monday to Friday, 7:30 a.m. – 10:30 a.m.. Walk-in only. Phone: 514-340-8230
* CSSS Jeanne-Mance - Street Youth Clinic: Address 1 - CLSC suburbs : 1250 Sanguinet Street, Montreal, H2X 3E7  Telephone : 514-527-9565, ext 3682. Address 2 - Ketch Café : 4707, rue St-Denis, Montreal. Phone : 514-985-0505.
* [ CSSS of the Mountain - CLSC Métro]: Address : 1801 boul. de Maisonneuve W., Montreal, H3B 1J9 (Guy-Concordia Metro). Phone : 514-934-0354.
* Coeur-de-l'Île CSSS - CLSC Villeray: The tests are NOT anonymous here. Address : 1415 Jarry East. Montreal, H2E 1A7. Phone : 514-376-4141.
* [ Rezo]: They provide HIV tests for gay and bisexual men who are cis and trans.
* [ Canadian Liver Foundation]: Helps people with Hep B and Hep C. "The Canadian Liver Foundation is a national non-profit organization committed to promoting liver health and providing hope to people living with liver disease."
* [ CATIE]: "CATIE is Canada’s source for up-to-date, unbiased information about HIV and hepatitis C. We connect people living with HIV or hepatitis C, at-risk communities, healthcare providers and community organizations with the knowledge, resources and expertise to reduce transmission and improve quality of life."
* [ Maison du Parc]: "A not-for-profit organization, the Maison du Parc welcomes men and women stricken with HIV/AIDS. It offers a palliative care program and accompaniment for the physical, psychological and social needs of our residents."
==Medications & Vaccines==
===Laws & Social Stigmas===
PrEP was approved for usage in 2016.
===What to Get & Where to Get It===
* You can get the Hepatitis B vaccine at many sexual health clinics.
* If you want Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), you should contact a hospital emergency department or their doctor for treatment. Generally, no appointment is required since patients should be counseled and treated ASAP.
* Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is available in Canada. In February 2016, Health Canada approved Truvada as prevention.<ref>[ PrEPWatch: Canada]</ref> According to ACT Toronto, "Any doctor can prescribe PrEP. If you have a family doctor that you feel comfortable with, that is a good place to start. There is ongoing testing and medical care required with PrEP, so accessing PrEP through a doctor that you already have a connection with is ideal."<ref>[ PrEP - How do I get it?]</ref> CATIE has also compiled extensive resources on PrEP for Canadians, which you can check out [ here].
'''Note:''' In addition to pads and tampons, you can also use menstrual cups and menstrual underwear for your period. To learn more about menstrual cups, click [ here]. To learn more about menstrual underwear, click [ here].
===Laws & Social Stigmas===
===What to Get & Where to Get It===
You can easily finds pads and tampons in Canadian stores. If you want to buy a menstrual cup, you'll also find quite a few vendors. For DivaCup, check out Shoppers Drug Mart, PHARMAPLUS, Yonge Pharmacy, Nutrition House-Eaton Ctr Dund and Condom Shack. For MoonCup, you can deliver online. For Lunette, check out the [ Lunette North America] website. For eco-friendly menstrual products, check out London Drugs, Loblaws, Save on Food, Whole Foods, and Overwaitea.
==Gynecological Exams==
===Laws & Social Stigmas===
===What to Get & Where to Get It===
For information on gynecologists in Canada, please visit the city pages, like the [[Toronto]] page, as recommendations will vary by city.
'''Note:''' There is a Canadian website called [ Pap Test Info]: "Every year, almost 400,000 Canadian women receive a call that their Pap test result is abnormal. In many cases, the call is made by a nurse or medical receptionist who cannot discuss the results or implications over the phone. Often women are not given any information about what that means and are left feeling nervous or unsure about what happens next.
This website has been developed to provide women with information about Pap testing and what it means to have abnormal test results. All of the information contained in this website has been reviewed by physicians."
For a list of feminist providers in Montreal, you can go to [ Gyneco Positive]
===Laws & Social Stigmas===
In Quebec, mothers are entitled to 18 weeks of maternity leave with no pay. This time of leave can start, at the earliest, in the 16th week before the expected delivery.<ref name="quebec-maternityleave">[ Services Québec – Citoyens: Maternity Leave]</ref>
Fathers are entitled to five weeks of paternity leave, which  must be taken consecutively, and it can only begin after the birth of the child. This is also without pay.<ref name="quebec-paternityleave">[ Services Québec – Citoyens: Paternity Leave]</ref>
In addition to maternity and paternity leave, parents are entitled to parental leave. This entitles parents to 52 weeks of time off from work, and the parent will receive no pay.<ref name="quebec-parentalleave">[ Services Québec – Citoyens: Parental Leave]</ref>
If people qualify for maternity or paternity leave, they will receive benefits from Québec Parental Insurance Plan (QPIP) during their time of leave.<ref name="quebec-maternityleave" /> <ref name="quebec-paternityleave" />If people qualify for parental leave, they will receive benefits from  Québec Parental Insurance Plan (QPIP) during a portion of their leave.<ref name="quebec-parentalleave" />
For more information on becoming in Quebec, check out [ this information page]from Gouvernement du Québec.
===What to Get & Where to Get It===
* [ Women on the Rise]: They support "isolated, low income and single mothers with children between 0-5 years old." Email:
* [ Elizabeth House]: "Elizabeth House is a private rehabilitation centre that offers a continuum of intensive intervention and specialized support services to parents, particularly young mothers and mothers-to-be, experiencing serious difficulties adjusting to pregnancy or in their parenting role." Email:
* New parents may have benefits covered by Québec Parental Insurance Plan (QPIP) during maternity, paternity, or parental leave, if they qualify, but they will not be paid their salary from their employers during their leave.<ref name="quebec-maternityleave" /> <ref name="quebec-paternityleave" /> <ref name="quebec-parentalleave" />
* There is a Financial Assistance Program for pregnant minors. To qualify, you must be under 18 years old, at least 20 weeks pregnant, and you must not have financial assistance. In 2018, the benefits were either $205 per month (for women residing in resources run by a nonprofit) or $822 per month for other scenarios.<ref name="quebec-parentalleave">[ Pregnant Minors Financial Assistance Program]</ref> For more information, you can visit the [ government page] on the program.
'''Important Note:''' There are two main types of abortions: medical (also known as the "abortion pill") and surgical (also known as "in-clinic"). For medical abortions, you take a pill to induce abortion. For surgical abortions, a procedure is performed to induce abortion. For general information about medical and surgical abortions, click [ here].
===Laws & Social Stigmas===
In Canada, abortion is legal and, in Quebec, it's fully permitted for up to 22 weeks of pregnancy.
Canadian abortion laws are governed by the Canada Health Act. However, it should be noted that some reports indicate that third trimester abortions are not generally available.<ref>[ Abortion in Canada]</ref>
Historically, there were significant challenges to abortion in the past. Until 1969, abortion was not generally legal. Following the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 1968-69, abortion became legal in cases where physicians decided the abortion was necessary for the physical or mental well-being of the woman. However, the Criminal Law Amendment Act also imposed restrictions on abortion access, as it was not generally accessible to all women. In 1988, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that the existing abortion laws were illegal, and they were struck down. Since then, there have been no official laws on abortion in Canada, making it available to women without restrictions. Today, one-third of all hospitals in Canada perform abortions.
===What to Get & Where to Get It===
* [ Clinique médicale Fémina]: Provides surgical abortions. "Clinique médicale Fémina is a well known clinic offering abortion services during the first trimester of pregnancy since 1988." Only one visit needed for pregnancies under 12 weeks.
* [ Morgentaler Clinic Montreal]: Provides surgical abortions. "Services are available by appointment only. Pregnancy terminations are performed up to 18 weeks of pregnancy. Only one visit to the clinic is required for the first trimester procedure, including counselling and ultrasound. Second trimester pregnancy terminations (between 13 and 18 weeks) require preparation and may require one or two pre-procedure visits."
* [ Le Centre de santé des femmes de Montréal] : Provides surgical abortions. With a feminist approach, the Centre de santé des femmes de Montréal is offering abortion services in one visit, by appointment only.
* Generally, abortions in Canada are funded by Medicare (for Canadian citizens and permanent residents). If you have a valid Quebec health insurance card (RAMQ), medical and surgical abortions at free-standing clinics and hospitals are fully covered.
* If you are a student at any university in Québec (except from Bishop's University), no matter what country you are from, abortion is fully covered by Desjardins Insurance. <ref> []</ref>
* If you're not a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, you'll need to pay between $300-$1300<ref>[]</ref> . The costs will vary, depending on how long you have been pregnant, the clinic and the type of procedure.
* If you need help paying for your abortion or need any further information, call the [ Fédération québécoise pour le planning des naissances]. Unfortunately, the website is only in French, but they should be able to find someone to answer you in English if necessary. You could also contact [ Action Canada] or the [ National Abortion Federation].
==Advocacy & Counseling==
===Laws & Social Stigmas===
===What to Get & Where to Get It===
* The Kids Helpline: Call 1-800-668-6868. Toll-free, 24-hour, bilingual and anonymous phone counseling for teenagers and children.
* [ L’Association québécoise de prévention du suicide]: A 24/7 distress line serving Quebec. Call 1-866-277-3553 (1-866-APPELLE).
* [ ATQ (Aide aux transexuels et transexuelles du Québec)]: Offers a listening line for transgendered individuals in Quebec. Call 514-254-9038.
* [ Project 10 (Projet 10)]: "Promotes personal, social, sexual, and mental well-being of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, transsexual, two-spirit, inter-sexed, and questioning youth and adults ages 14-25. Offers a listening line on Monday to Thursday from 12pm to 6pm. Call 514-989-4585."
* Distress Line 416-408-HELP (4357): Provides telephone support for people facing crisis situations and suicide prevention.
==List of Additional Resources==
* Sexual Health Information Line - Toll free: 1 (800) 668-2437; Local: (416) 392-2437. Hours of operation: Monday to Friday 10 am – 10:30 pm; Saturday and Sunday 11 am – 3pm
* [ National Council for Women of Canada]: "Throughout its history, the Council has been concerned with the welfare and improvement of the conditions of life for women, the family, and the community since its founding."
* [ CCGLM]: "The Community centre for gay and lesbians of Montreal is a non-profit organization which was established on August 17, 1988. The CCGLM acts to improve the well-being of people in our communities by promoting cooperation and seeking the support of the community and social development by individuals and organizations."
* [ The Sex Information and Education Council of Canada (SIECCAN)]: "The Sex Information and Education Council of Canada (SIECCAN) is a national registered charitable organization founded in 1964 to foster professional education and public knowledge about sexuality and sexual health. SIECCAN works with health professionals, educators, and community organizations to ensure that all Canadians have access to high quality sexual health information, education and related health and social services."
* [ Scarlett Teen]: This website offers sex education to teenagers.
* [ Teen Health Source]: This website offers sex education to teenagers.
* [ Institue for Gender, Sexuality and Feminist Studies at McGill]: 3487 Peel Street, 2nd floor, Montreal, Quebec H3A 1W7, Tel.: 514-398-3911, Fax: 514-398-3986. Email:
* [http:// Fédération du Québec pour le planning des naissances]: A reproductive and sexual rights organisation based in Montreal. Tel.: 514-866-3721. Email:
* [ Action Canada for Sexual Health and Rights]: Provide information and list of resources for all provinces.
<references />
|keywords=montreal, canada, contraception, birth control, emergency contraception, morning after pill, std test, sti test, hiv, treatment, medications, pharmacies, abortion, clinic, tampons, women's health
|description=Find sexual, reproductive and women's health care in Montreal.

Latest revision as of 21:33, 17 July 2020

My name's Pansy McElhaney but everybody calls me Pansy. I'm from United States. I'm studying at the high school (3rd year) and I play the Tuba for 9 years. Usually I choose songs from the famous films :).
I have two brothers. I love Inline Skating, watching TV (Breaking Bad) and Roller skating.
Take a look at my website

Here is my web page :: internet marketing tips for Beginners (