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Difference between revisions of "Sydney"

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In Australia, you can find an incredible amount of health care resources, many of which are progressive and LGBT-friendly. While you'll need a prescription for contraception, the prescription process is rather straight-forward, and you may even be able to get a prescription online. As for emergency contraception, it's fully legal for all ages and no prescription is required. There is access to both PrEP and PEP, and many health centers, both large and small, provide STI/STD testing. Regarding abortions, laws vary from state to state. In Sydney, which is under the law of New South Wales, abortions are technically prohibited, but they are legally permitted in many scenarios.
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In Australia, you can find an incredible amount of health care resources, many of which are progressive and LGBT-friendly. While you'll need a prescription for contraception, the prescription process is rather straight-forward, and you may even be able to get a prescription online. As for emergency contraception, it's fully legal for all ages and no prescription is required. There is access to both PrEP and PEP, and many health centers, both large and small, provide STI/STD testing. Regarding abortions, laws vary from state to state. In Sydney, which is under the law of New South Wales, abortions were decriminalized in 2019.<ref>[https://edition.cnn.com/2019/09/26/asia/abortion-australia-decriminalized-intl-hnk/ CNN: Abortion decriminalized in Sydney after Australian lawmakers overturn 119-year-old law]</ref>
  
 
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In Australia, abortion laws are determined by state. We have provided some information (see below) -- and for additional information, you can review this [https://www.childrenbychoice.org.au/factsandfigures/australianabortionlawandpractice summary], provided by Children by Choice.
 
In Australia, abortion laws are determined by state. We have provided some information (see below) -- and for additional information, you can review this [https://www.childrenbychoice.org.au/factsandfigures/australianabortionlawandpractice summary], provided by Children by Choice.
  
In the state of New South Wales, abortion is technically a criminal offense. However, it is legally permitted in most scenarios, which include: when there is a medical, social, or economic reason that causes a "serious danger" to a pregnant person's life, or when negative health consequences may be felt by the pregnant person after the birth of the child. These rules are very general and broad, meaning that most people are able to find legal means of obtaining an abortion in New South Wales, even if abortion is technically not fully legal.<ref>[https://www.clinic66.com.au/pregnancy-termination-abortion/abortion-legal-australia/ Is Abortion Legal in Australia?]</ref> To learn more about abortion laws in Australia, you can visit the [[Australia]] page.
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In the state of New South Wales, abortion was decriminalized in 2019.<ref>[https://edition.cnn.com/2019/09/26/asia/abortion-australia-decriminalized-intl-hnk/ CNN: Abortion decriminalized in Sydney after Australian lawmakers overturn 119-year-old law]</ref>
  
Information on abortion in other states and territories here: https://www.childrenbychoice.org.au/forwomen/abortion/clinicsinterstate   
+
For many years before decriminalization, abortion was technically a criminal offense. However, it was legally permitted in most scenarios, which included: when there is a medical, social, or economic reason that causes a "serious danger" to a pregnant person's life, or when negative health consequences may be felt by the pregnant person after the birth of the child. These rules were very general and broad, meaning that most people were able to find legal means of obtaining an abortion in New South Wales, even if abortion was technically not fully legal.<ref>[https://www.clinic66.com.au/pregnancy-termination-abortion/abortion-legal-australia/ Is Abortion Legal in Australia?]</ref> However, with the passing of the decriminalization bill in 2019, the laws became unambiguous.
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* To learn more about abortion laws in Australia, you can visit the [[Australia]] page.
 +
* Information on abortion in other states and territories here: https://www.childrenbychoice.org.au/forwomen/abortion/clinicsinterstate   
  
 
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Regarding Misoprostol availabilty, Women on Waves reports that "Misoprostol is available as cytotec. We do not have any information how easy it is to get in a phamacy.  In 2012, mifepristone and misoprostol were approved for use in termination of pregnancy by our Therapeutic Goods Administration (http://www.tga.gov.au/hp/information-medicines-mifepristone-gymiso.htm). They are only available through medical practitioners, and cannot be purchased over the counter in pharmacies without a prescription. In practice, access will be difficult for women who don’t live geographically near a clinic or practitioner who provides this service (a similar problem for surgical abortion in Australia)."<ref>[https://www.womenonwaves.org/en/page/4970/australia--organizations-and-clinics Australia: Organizations and clinics, Women on Waves]</ref>
+
* Abortion has been recently decriminalized in new South Wales (as of September 2019), so this page will need be updated with resources. If you know of any legal, safe, and trusted providers, please add them here!
 +
* (older information) Regarding Misoprostol availabilty, Women on Waves reports that "Misoprostol is available as cytotec. We do not have any information how easy it is to get in a phamacy.  In 2012, mifepristone and misoprostol were approved for use in termination of pregnancy by our Therapeutic Goods Administration (http://www.tga.gov.au/hp/information-medicines-mifepristone-gymiso.htm). They are only available through medical practitioners, and cannot be purchased over the counter in pharmacies without a prescription. In practice, access will be difficult for women who don’t live geographically near a clinic or practitioner who provides this service (a similar problem for surgical abortion in Australia)."<ref>[https://www.womenonwaves.org/en/page/4970/australia--organizations-and-clinics Australia: Organizations and clinics, Women on Waves]</ref>
  
 
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Latest revision as of 15:50, 26 September 2019

Australia / Sydney
Sydney Opera House - Dec 2008.jpg

OVERVIEW

In Australia, you can find an incredible amount of health care resources, many of which are progressive and LGBT-friendly. While you'll need a prescription for contraception, the prescription process is rather straight-forward, and you may even be able to get a prescription online. As for emergency contraception, it's fully legal for all ages and no prescription is required. There is access to both PrEP and PEP, and many health centers, both large and small, provide STI/STD testing. Regarding abortions, laws vary from state to state. In Sydney, which is under the law of New South Wales, abortions were decriminalized in 2019.[1]

Contraception (Birth Control)[edit]

General Note: There are many types of contraceptives, including IUDs, oral contraceptives, patches, and condoms, etc. If you would like to view a full list, click here.

Laws & Social Stigmas[edit]

Levlen ED birth control pills purchased in Australia

In Australia, you can purchase condoms without a prescription at pharmacies. However, you need a prescription to obtain most other forms of contraception, such as birth control pills, implants, injectables, and IUDs.[2] [3] To receive a prescription, you'll typically need to schedule a consultation with a General Practitioner (GP). The consultations are are pretty straight-forward and don't usually require pelvic exams. There is an incredibly wide range of contraceptives offered, though it should be noted that contraceptive patches are not available in Australia, as of February 2019. It is estimated that 67%-70% of Australian women of fertility age (who are married or in unions) use some form of contraception,[4] without about 24% of Australian women on oral contraceptives.

Note: Australian women who believe they may have been adversely affected by Yaz or Yasmin can register for a potential class action suite: http://tgb.com.au/enquire/class-action/

What to Get & Where to Get It[edit]

Femme-Tab ED birth control pills purchased in Australia
  • You can receive contraceptive counseling at Marie Stopes Australia. These are appointments where patients discuss their health issues and concerns to help determine which contraceptive method is best for them. You can also check out the Contraception website, which lets you know what options are available in Australia.
  • If you want condoms, they're easy to purchase at supermarkets, chemists/pharmacies, convenience stores and petrol stations. If you're looking for free condoms, check out the Ending HIV website, which shows free condom distributors across Australia. Some condom distributors include Hyde Park Medical Center and Taylor Square Private Clinic (in Surry Hills). If you're under 25, you can obtain free condoms and lube through the NSW Condom Credit Card (CCC) program. There's also Red Aware: "If you live in Australia, you can receive a free safe sex kit with condoms tin, and awesome safe sex ... Would you like to sign up to receive a free RedAware safe sex kit?"
  • If you're interested in birth control pills, you will need to consult with a physicians for a prescription. You can consult with a women's clinic, such as CBD Women's Health, or an NGO, like Marie Stopes Australia, to obtain your prescription. Once you have a prescription, you'll find a wide variety of birth control pills available in Australia with over 30 brands registered in Australia.[5]
  • As for IUDs, you can get them at various clinics and health care facilities, such as Marie Stopes Australia.
    • One female traveler wrote about the Mirena that they got in Australia: "It lasts up to 5 years, needs to be fitted by an OBGYN (some charge to put it in, some don't), costs about $40 to buy the IUD if you have a Medicare card and about $245 if you don't."
    • Tip from Marie Stopes Australia Staff: "Many people are inclined to get their IUD with their GP, however we strongly recommend that they do with a proceduralist, like Marie Stopes Australia. Many GPs haven’t performed an insertion at all, or don’t perform them regularly and this makes the risk of perforation or other side effects much higher. A proceduralist, like Marie Stopes or Family Planning are people who specialise in doing the insertion and removal of contraception and might perform it up to 10 times a day, so they are going to be much more skilled at minimising pain and the risk of side effects."
  • If you want a contraceptive implant, you can find Implanon in Australia.[6]
  • If you want a contraceptive shot/injectable, you can find Depo-Provera and Depo-Ralovera in Australia.[7]
  • The contraceptive patch is not available in Australia, as of February 2019.

Costs[edit]

  • For birth control pills, you may pay $3-6 for a month supply, if you’re eligible for a Medicare card. It's common to pay for a 4-month supply upfront.
  • For condoms, if you're a young person, you should look into the Condom Credit Card, which is "a friendly, confidential way for young people to get FREE condoms! Simply go to a Family Planning NSW clinic or a service that displays the CCCard posters and ask for your own CCCard. Then you can to receive free condoms every time you present your CCCard at a registered provider." For more information about the Condom Credit Card, visit the NSW website or the Aboriginal Medical Services website.
  • For an IUD, costs will vary, depending on whether your health coverage. If you're not covered, you can expect to pay around $100 for the insertion procedure, plus the additional cost of the IUD device (which is around $200 without sedation and around $450 with sedation), at Marie Stopes Australia, as of November 2018.
  • For a contraceptive implant, you can expect to pay around $100 for the insertion procedure, plus the additional cost of the implanted device (around $100), at Marie Stopes Australia, as of November 2018.
  • For a contraceptive shot/injectable, you can expect to pay $90 for the injection and and $30 for necessary medications at Marie Stopes Australia, as of November 2018.
  • One Australian wrote, "I am from Queensland (Gold Coast) and have Medicare so costs might be a bit different. Levlen cost $10-12 ish (for a box of 4 x 28 pills). The Implanon (without Medicare) was about $200 and with Medicare about $30 plus I had to go to a clinic to have a doctor put it in. Average cost of doctor's visit in Australia (without Medicare) is $60-80."
  • Important Tip: If you qualify, you may want to get a Medicare Card and look into Bulk Billing, which is a payment option under Australia's Medicare system. When the health service provider (e.g. doctor) bills the government (via the patient's Medicare card), the provider is paid 85% of the scheduled fee for outpatient services and 75% of the scheduled fee for inpatient services by the government. This allows the service provider to receive a fixed proportion of the scheduled fee and avoid debt collection. And, as a patient, this means you may not be charged anything.

Emergency Contraception (Morning After Pill)[edit]

Important Notes: Emergency contraception may prevent pregnancy for three days (72 hours) and sometimes five days (120 hours) after unprotected sex. Take EC as soon as possible after unprotected sex. If you don't have access to dedicated EC, oral contraceptives can be used as replacement EC, but remember the following: 1) Only some contraceptives work as EC 2) Different contraceptives require different dosages and time schedules to work as EC 3) You must only use the first 21 pills in 28-day packs and 4) They may be less effective than dedicated EC. For general information on emergency contraceptives, click here and here.

Laws & Social Stigmas[edit]

Emergency contraceptive pills are legal and obtainable without a prescription. There are no age restrictions and anyone, no matter their sex, can buy them. EC pills can be found in public sector clinics, pharmacies and emergency rooms. The law requires that pharmacists supply EC for therapeutic reasons. This means that, if a pharmacists wants to confirm therapeutic need, he or she may ask questions about your medical history, medical issues and any medications that you're currently taking before issuing EC.

According to the International Consortium for Emergency Contraception, "While community pharmacists are not required by law to ask specific questions prior to supplying LNG-EC in Australia, questioning may occur in practice. The Pharmaceutical Society of Australia supports increased access for young women with no specific restrictions on third party supply and advanced supply. Access can be limited in rural areas if the only pharmacist in town has a conscientious objection to supplying the LNG-ECP and there is no alternative supplier nearby. There are no legal age restrictions for supplying ECPs, but many pharmacists may prefer to refer women under 16 years of age to a doctor rather than provide it themselves over the counter."[8]

There are strict guidelines in Australia, dictated by the Pharmaceutical Society of Australia, regarding how EC should be sold by local chemists. While most pharmacists/chemists follow these guidelines, studies showed that "pharmacists had stronger, more conservative attitudes than overseas pharmacists"[9] and "22% of pharmacists felt it was reasonable for their religious faith to influence supply."[10] Furthermore, many Australian women report that they don't receive adequate information from pharmacists. As reported by the Conversation in 2015, "...62% of the women we spoke to expressed concern about the lack of privacy. What’s more, many women were confused about this type of pill – some thought it caused an abortion (32%) and others that it would cause defects if they were to fall pregnant later (61%). Only 20% of pharmacists always informed women about how the emergency contraceptive pill worked, while the majority spoke about how long it would remain effective after unprotected sex. Many pharmacists agreed that the pill shouldn’t be supplied if unprotected sex had occurred longer than three days ago."[11]

What to Get & Where to Get It[edit]

Note: You can now buy ellaOne in Australia, which is an emergency contraceptive that is effective for up to five days after unprotected sex. Of course, take EC as soon as possible -- but, if it has been a few days since you had unprotected sex, try to find ellaOne. If you can't access ellaOne, copper IUDs may also prevent pregnancy up to 5 days after unprotected sex. If none of these options are available, and it's been over 3 days since you had unprotected sex, you can still take EC, which may work up to 5 days. Note that EC pills are not 100% effective and should be taken as soon as possible.

For dedicated EC, progestin-only, there are Levonelle-1, Norlevo-1 and Postinor 1 (take 1 pill within 120 hours after unprotected sex). There are also Levonelle-2 and Postinor-2 (take 2 pills within 120 hours after unprotected sex). If you cannot access dedicated EC, you may use some oral contraceptives as EC. They are Microlut (take 50 pills within 120 hours after unprotected sex), Levlen ED, Microgynon 30 ED, Monofeme 28, Nordette 28 (take 4 pills within 120 hours after unprotected sex and take 4 more pills 12 hours later), or Loette, Microgynon 20 ED or Microlevlen ED (take 5 pills within 120 hours after unprotected sex and take 5 more pills 12 hours later).[12]

As reported by the Conversation: "If a woman had unprotected sex outside of this timeframe, a pharmacist can still supply the emergency contraceptive pill. This supply is called 'off label' as it is outside of the TGA-licensed use. In such cases, pharmacists should inform women about the effectiveness of this emergency contraception beyond three days and document that they supplied it. (Or they could recommend the woman have an intrauterine device (IUD) placed instead. This IUD is the most effective form of emergency contraception and can be inserted up to five days after unprotected sex.)"[13]

Costs[edit]

  • It should cost around 15-45 AUD to purchase the emergency contraceptive pill, as of 2018.[14]

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs/STDs)[edit]

Important Notes - Learn about PEP and PrEP: If you think that you've been recently exposed to HIV (i.e. within 72 hours), seek out PEP (Post-Exposure Prophylaxis). It's a month-long treatment to prevent HIV infection after exposure, and it may be available in your city. Take PEP as soon as possible. For more information, click here. If you are at risk of HIV exposure, seek out PrEP (Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis). It's a daily oral pill that can prevent HIV infection before exposure. To learn more about PrEP, click here.

HIV self-administered test kits (home HIV test kits) are not sold in individual pharmacies although the kit was actually introduced in Australia in 2014 following the government lifting restrictions of self-testing, direct to consumer kits. But these kits have not yet been approved by the TgA (The Therapeutic Goods Administration which falls under the Department of Health in Australia). Hence, because they have not yet been regulated or approved by the TGA they are currently not legally allowed to be sold or exported. When it comes HIV testing in Australia, the choice is between Rapid HIV testing, which has TGA approval, but is limited to clinical situations and must be carried out by appropriately trained workers and laboratory based tests, which involve a medical blood draw and laboratory analysis of the sample.

Laws & Social Stigmas[edit]

If you are applying for permanent Australian visa, you will be required to take an HIV test. If you are found to be HIV+, this will not automatically disqualify you but it will be included in the criteria used to assess your application.[15]

What to Get & Where to Get It[edit]

PEP Hotline, Victoria: 1800 889 887. "Phoneline is staffed 24 hours a day Friday to Monday, and 8:30am to midnight, Tuesday to Thursday. Other times there is a detailed recorded message with many options."

Testing Facilities[edit]

Home Testing[edit]

  • HIV self-administered test kits (home HIV test kits) are not sold in individual pharmacies although the kit was actually introduced in Australia in 2014 following the government lifting restrictions of self-testing, direct to consumer kits. But these kits have not yet been approved by the TgA (The Therapeutic Goods Administration which falls under the Department of Health in Australia). Hence, because they have not yet been regulated or approved by the TGA they are currently not legally allowed to be sold or exported. When it comes HIV testing in Australia, the choice is between Rapid HIV testing, which has TGA approval, but is limited to clinical situations and must be carried out by appropriately trained workers and laboratory based tests, which involve a medical blood draw and laboratory analysis of the sample.
  • Check Your Risk - This is NOT a replacement for an STI/STD test. But it is a resource, based out of Australia, that helps you assess your risk
  • There are companies, for example INSTI®, that provide rapid HIV screening testing kits online anywhere in Australia but, in the case of INSTI® the company is Canadian and based in Canada. Positive HIV screening results will require further testing by a laboratory/clinic which can actually diagnose the disease.

Clinics[edit]

  • You can get STI/STD tests from most doctors, family planning clinics or sexual healths clinics. However, here's a list of some places to consider:
  • Clinic 66: "Our women’s sexual health clinic in Chatswood, Sydney, can help if you believe you have STI or STD symptoms. We check for STIs such as chlamydia, herpes, gonorrhoea, HIV, syphilis and genital warts." Email: info@clinic66.com.au. Phone: (02) 9411 3411.
  • CBD Women's Clinic: They provide services for Pelvic Infection/ STD/ Urinary Tract Infection. Address: Suite 401 - 403, Level 4, 46 Market Street, Sydney 2000. Phone: 02 9299 7777 Fax: 02 9299 9393. Email: info@cbdwomenshealth.com.au

Support[edit]

Costs[edit]

Medications & Vaccines[edit]

A pharmacy in Australia

Laws & Social Stigmas[edit]

What to Get & Where to Get It[edit]

  • For yeast infections, you should be able to buy Canesten in Australia pharmacies or online at Chemist Warehouse. Regarding the HPV vaccine, Australia is incredibly proactive and has vaccination programs in place for both girls and boys. For more info on Australia's HPV vaccination program, check out this link. For most STI/STD medications, you will need to first visit a physician for a prescription, which you can then usually fill at hospitals or pharmacies.
  • Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is available, but the drugs are extremely expensive and require a medical prescription. You can order the drug online as importation is permitted under the Personal Importation Scheme Rules set by the Therapeutic Goods Administration. Only a three month supply for personal use is permitted. According to PrEPWatch: "There are three ongoing demonstration projects in Australia—VicPrEP in MSM, transgender women, heterosexual serodiscordant couples and people who received N-PEP on more than two occasions; PRELUDE in men and women at high and ongoing risk of HIV; and EPIC-NSW enrolling high-risk, mostly gay and bisexual men in New South Wales. A fourth demonstration project, PrEPX, will start later this year. The Therapeutic Goods Administration has approved daily oral Truvada for HIV prevention."[16]
  • You can be assessed for Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) at sexual health clinics, doctors (including some general practitioners) who specialise in HIV/AIDS, and hospital accident and emergency departments (which are open 24 hours). There are sexual health (MSHC) centres, which are walk-in clinics providing testing and treatment for sexually transmissible infections. For people with a relevant visa, that have applied for permanent residency or are a visitor from a reciprocal health care agreement country, treatment is given for free, if they hold a Medicare card. You can call PEP Information Line (1800 889 887) for more information.


Costs[edit]

Menstruation[edit]

DivaCup, one of the menstrual cups available in Australia

Note: In addition to pads and tampons, you can also use menstrual cups and menstrual underwear for your period. To learn more about menstrual cups, click here. To learn more about menstrual underwear, click here.

Laws & Social Stigmas[edit]

In January 2019, the federal government officially abolished the GST (goods and services tax) from menstrual products sales. In the past, menstrual products were considered a "luxury," so a 10% tax was added to their sales.[17]

There have been some state initiatives to improve menstrual product access. For example, in the state of Victoria, the Victorian Women's Trust implemented paid period leave.[18]

Here are some Australian menstrual resources to check out:

What to Get & Where to Get It[edit]

  • Pads and tampons (without applicators) are very easy to find. Aside from being sold in supermarkets, pharmacies and convenience stores, you can also find them in many bathrooms. You can find tampons with applicators (usually cardboard), like Tampax or Kotex, in major supermarkets and shopping malls. Some other major brands in the menstrual product space are U, Libra, and Stayfree. If you're looking for environmentally-friendly menstrual products, you can also check out TOM Organic or Cottons.
    • Tip: You can get free tampon samples from U by Kotex.
  • As for menstrual cups, there is one Australian distributor of DivaCup: Barton Brands, Represented By: Lightning Brokers: PO Box 1218, Springwood, Qld 4127, 1-300-884-456, info@biosports.com.au. As for MoonCup, there are no distributors in Australia, it seems, so it should be bought online. As for LadyCup, there are no distributors in Australia, so it's best to buy online or purchase online from an NZ distributor, like Tweedle or Mother's Instinct.
  • If you're experiencing menstrual problems, you can contact women's clinics, such as Clinic 66.

Costs[edit]

Gynecological Exams[edit]

Laws & Social Stigmas[edit]

In the past, the Australian health care system recommended a "pap smear" every two years. However, in the last few years, the system has been completely overhauled and a "cervical screen" is now recommended, which is done every five years (if your results are clear). The cervical screen is considered more effective at finding health risks.[19]

What to Get & Where to Get It[edit]

  • You can get a cervical screen from your General Practitioner (GP) and, if you’re eligible for a Medicare card, they’re usually bulk billed.
  • Clinic 66: "Clinic 66 provides many gynaecological services including menopause and contraceptive counselling, infertility workup, unplanned pregnancy advice and management, incontinence management and medical treatment for common gynaecological conditions such as endometriosis and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)." Address: 31 Bertram St, Chatswood NSW 2067, Australia. Email: info@clinic66.com.au. Phone: (02) 9411 3411.
  • CBD Women's Clinic: "Pap results are available within a week and a referral for further tests and treatment will be offered if indicated." Address: Suite 401 - 403, Level 4, 46 Market Street, Sydney 2000. Phone: 02 9299 7777 Fax: 02 9299 9393. Email: info@cbdwomenshealth.com.au

Costs[edit]

Pregnancy[edit]

Laws & Social Stigmas[edit]

What to Get & Where to Get It[edit]

  • Royal Hospital for Women: "For more than a century, the Royal Hospital for Women (RHW) has provided specialist health care in partnership with women. The RHW was not only the first women’s hospital in Australia, but also the country’s first lying-in hospital and is still the only women’s hospital in New South Wales." Phone 02 9382 6111. Birthing Services : 02 9382 6100. Outpatients Booking in : 9382 6048. Online Booking. Ultrasound : 02 9382 6080.
  • CBD Women's Clinic: They provide services for early pregnancy. "Early pregnancy management and advice is available (including referral for 12 week antenatal blood testing, early pregnancy scans / nuchal scans and referral to an Antenatal Clinic or Obstetrician)." Address: Suite 401 - 403, Level 4, 46 Market Street, Sydney 2000. Phone: 02 9299 7777 Fax: 02 9299 9393. Email: info@cbdwomenshealth.com.au
  • PANDA - Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Australia: "PANDA - Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Australia supports women, men and families across Australia affected by anxiety and depression during pregnancy and in the first year of parenthood. PANDA operates Australia’s only National Helpline (Call 1300 726 306) for individuals and their families to recover from perinatal anxiety and depression, a serious illness that affects up to one in five expecting or new mums and one in ten expecting or new dads."

Costs[edit]

Abortion[edit]

Important Note: There are two main types of abortions: medical (also known as the "abortion pill") and surgical (also known as "in-clinic"). For medical abortions, you take a pill to induce abortion. For surgical abortions, a procedure is performed to induce abortion. For more information about medical and surgical abortions, you can visit the Marie Stopes Australia abortion page.

Laws & Social Stigmas[edit]

In Australia, abortion laws are determined by state. We have provided some information (see below) -- and for additional information, you can review this summary, provided by Children by Choice.

In the state of New South Wales, abortion was decriminalized in 2019.[20]

For many years before decriminalization, abortion was technically a criminal offense. However, it was legally permitted in most scenarios, which included: when there is a medical, social, or economic reason that causes a "serious danger" to a pregnant person's life, or when negative health consequences may be felt by the pregnant person after the birth of the child. These rules were very general and broad, meaning that most people were able to find legal means of obtaining an abortion in New South Wales, even if abortion was technically not fully legal.[21] However, with the passing of the decriminalization bill in 2019, the laws became unambiguous.

  • Abortion has been recently decriminalized in new South Wales (as of September 2019), so this page will need be updated with resources. If you know of any legal, safe, and trusted providers, please add them here!
  • (older information) Regarding Misoprostol availabilty, Women on Waves reports that "Misoprostol is available as cytotec. We do not have any information how easy it is to get in a phamacy. In 2012, mifepristone and misoprostol were approved for use in termination of pregnancy by our Therapeutic Goods Administration (http://www.tga.gov.au/hp/information-medicines-mifepristone-gymiso.htm). They are only available through medical practitioners, and cannot be purchased over the counter in pharmacies without a prescription. In practice, access will be difficult for women who don’t live geographically near a clinic or practitioner who provides this service (a similar problem for surgical abortion in Australia)."[22]

In some states, abortion facilities are protected. In these cases, it is illegal to protest within 150 meters of an abortion service.[23] However, this does not apply to all states.

What to Get & Where to Get It[edit]

While you consult with your GP for abortion service referrals, here's a list of some places to consider:

  • Clinic 66: Our aim at Clinic 66 is to support the woman in her choice, give her the best care possible and support her to make decisions including those about future contraception. Termination of pregnancy can be medical (using tablets) or surgical (brief surgical procedure and a light anaesthetic.. Surgical termination of pregnancy is undertaken on a procedural day at our day surgery facility in Chatswood, on a Tuesday, Thursday, Friday or Saturday. For women with later pregnancies, up to 20 weeks, you will need to discuss with us first, before making an appointment." Address: 31 Bertram St, Chatswood NSW 2067, Australia. Email: info@clinic66.com.au. Phone: (02) 9411 3411.

Medical Abortion ("the abortion pill") Information[edit]

  • Misoprostol is available as Cytotec along with Mifepristone. Women can get access to a medical abortion through a phone service telephone number: 1800 180 880.
  • Please note that General Practitioners can provide medical terminations in primary care practices and community health centres, however often don't want to advertise this for fear of anti-choice picketers or other activities. Check with the Family Planning organisation in the state or territory you are in to find your closest provider.

Clinics & Hospitals Offering Abortion Services[edit]

  • Please note that General Practitioners can provide medical terminations in primary care practices and community health centres, however often don't want to advertise this for fear of anti-choice picketers or other activities. Check with the Family Planning organisation in the state or territory you are in to find your closest provider.
  • Marie Stopes Australia: "At Marie Stopes we provide surgical abortion, medical abortion, vasectomy, contraception (and Tubal Ligation in Western Australia only) and counselling. Our prices can be found here, but they do vary a little by state. All of our services also come with access to a 24/7 aftercare line in case of complications... We offer both medical and surgical terminations, including medical abortion via telephone (telehealth). We also offer decision based counselling for patients who are unsure if an abortion is right for them, as well as post abortion counselling for any patients who request it." "No referral required, except in Western Australia where it is a requirement to access abortion services." Call our national support centre on 1300 207 382 or enquire online. Callers outside Australia: +61 3 9658 7470. If you’ve had a procedure and have any concerns, please call our 24-hour aftercare service. To earn about clinic locations in Sydney, click here.
  • Queensland based organisation, Children by Choice, maintains a list of larger providers on their website: Queensland services here; Other states and territories here

Costs[edit]

Abortion services range from $300 to $500. If you do not have a Medicare card, you may have to pay a higher rate.

Advocacy & Counseling[edit]

Laws & Social Stigmas[edit]

What to Get & Where to Get It[edit]

  • If you're in immediate danger, dial 000
  • 1800 RESPECT or 1800 737 732: The National Sexual Assault, Family & Domestic Violence Counselling Line is a free telephone and online confidential service for any Australian experiencing or who has experienced domestic or family violence and/or sexual assault. It is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
  • 13 11 14: "Lifeline has a national number who can help put you in contact with a crisis service in your State. Anyone across Australia experiencing a personal crisis or thinking about suicide can call 13 11 14."
  • Suicide Call Back Service: Call 1300 659 467. For ages 15+. Provides immediate telephone counseling and support in a crisis. Available 24/7.
  • Aboriginal Family Domestic Violence Hotline: 1800 019 123
  • Women’s Domestic Violence Crisis Service: 1800 015 188 or 03 9322 3555
  • beyondblue: Call 1300 22 4636 or chat online. "3 million Australians are living with anxiety or depression. beyondblue provides information and support to help everyone in Australia achieve their best possible mental health, whatever their age and wherever they live."

Costs[edit]

List of Additional Resources[edit]

  • The Department of Health - Australia
  • Family Planning Alliance Australia: "Family Planning Alliance Australia is the nation's peak body in reproductive and sexual health. It promotes advances in public health through policy insight and advocacy and represents leading health and education agencies across Australia." Email: secretariat@familyplanningallianceaustralia.org.au
  • Australian Reproductive Health Assocation: "ARHA gives precedence to supplying fundamental reproductive health services to pregnant girls, young people, and difficult-to-reach populations, including those. Linking reproductive health services to AIDS and HIV prevention, care and treatment is increasingly being viewed as an essential strategy to enlarging accessibility to both forms of care." Phone: +61 2 9411 1466. Email: stewart@arha.org.au
  • Reproductive Choice Australia: "Reproductive Choice Australia is a coalition of organisations and individuals who are interested in ensuring that women’s reproductive rights are protected and enhanced in Australia."
  • Women's Abortion Action Campaign (WAAC): "Women’s Abortion Action Campaign (WAAC), formed in 1972 by the Women’s Liberation Movement, began as a national campaign in Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne, Canberra and Sydney... WAAC also works actively with abortion rights groups throughout Australia and internationally." Email: contact_waac@yahoo.com.au
  • The Australian Women's Register: "The Australian Women's Register is a rich and growing source of information about Australian women and their organisations. It contains 6826 entries with references to 4189 archival resources, 8461 published resources and 1248 digital resources."
  • Equality Rights Alliance: "Equality Rights Alliance is Australia’s largest network advocating for women’s equality, women’s leadership and recognition of women’s diversity. We bring together 61 organisations with an interest in advancing women’s equality." Phone: 02 6175 9988. Email: era.admin@ywca.org.au
  • The Australian Women’s and Gender Studies Association (AWGSA): "The Australian Women’s and Gender Studies Association (AWGSA) is the peak body representing researchers, academics and students of Women’s Studies and Gender Studies in Australia."
  • The Australian Women’s History Network: "The Australian Women’s History Network promotes research and writing in all fields of women’s history. It brings together scholars, students and others working in women’s history to exchange ideas, information, support and resources."
  • Sydney Feminists: "We are a group of passionate women and men working towards social change through education. We use workshops, documentary films and social media to educate the public about the numerous ways women are still discriminated against in Western society and around the world."
  • The National LGBTI Health Alliance: "The National LGBTI Health Alliance is the national peak health organisation in Australia for organisations and individuals that provide health-related programs, services and research focused on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex people (LGBTI) and other sexuality, gender, and bodily diverse people and communities."
  • Black Rainbow: "Black Rainbow is Australia’s first and only National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Queer, Trans* and Intersex (LGBQTI) Suicide Prevention National Advocacy Platform and National Touchpoint. We support Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander LGBQTI people who are homeless, leaving domestic violence relationships or the justice system. We are 100% Indigenous owned and operated."
  • Genderqueer Australia: "Genderqueer Australia is social and peer support for who identifies gender-questioning or genderqueer. Get in contact at contact@genderqueer.org.au."
  • Multicultural Sexual Health Network: "MSHN brings together people working across sectors to share information, enhance service coordination and explore ways to improve sexual health for people from refugee and migrant backgrounds."
  • Scarlet Alliance: "Scarlet Alliance, Australian Sex Workers Association is the national peak sex worker organisation in Australia."

References[edit]

  1. CNN: Abortion decriminalized in Sydney after Australian lawmakers overturn 119-year-old law
  2. Global Oral Contraception Availability
  3. Free the Pill: Where on Earth?
  4. Trends in Contraceptive Use Worldwide, 2015
  5. IPFF Australia
  6. IPFF Australia
  7. IPFF Australia
  8. Australia: EC Status and Availability
  9. Provision of the emergency contraceptive pill without prescription: attitudes and practices of pharmacists in Australia
  10. Note to pharmacists on how not to sell the morning-after pill
  11. Note to pharmacists on how not to sell the morning-after pill
  12. Princeton Emergency Contraception Website
  13. Note to pharmacists on how not to sell the morning-after pill
  14. Morning after pill cost
  15. [HIV Travel: Australia]
  16. PrEP Watch: Australia
  17. Tampon tax to go, with states and territories agreeing to remove GST from sanitary products
  18. Employer's paid period leave policy in Australia stirs world debate
  19. The Pap test has changed: More Accurate. Less Often.
  20. CNN: Abortion decriminalized in Sydney after Australian lawmakers overturn 119-year-old law
  21. Is Abortion Legal in Australia?
  22. Australia: Organizations and clinics, Women on Waves
  23. Australian Abortion Law and Practice