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Ella, a single 30mg tablet, costs 51.50 TL and is available over the counter in Istanbul.
 
Ella, a single 30mg tablet, costs 51.50 TL and is available over the counter in Istanbul.
  
==Medications & Vaccines==
+
==Medications==
 
 
[[File:Pharmacy istanbul.jpg|400px | thumb|left|'''Pharmacy in Istanbul''']]
 
  
 
===Laws & Social Stigmas===
 
===Laws & Social Stigmas===
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There are no known sellers of DivaCup in Turkey so it should be purchased online. The only known seller of Mooncup in Turkey is in Canakkale (Dedetepe Eco Farm
 
There are no known sellers of DivaCup in Turkey so it should be purchased online. The only known seller of Mooncup in Turkey is in Canakkale (Dedetepe Eco Farm
 
) so it's probably easiest to purchase it online as well.
 
) so it's probably easiest to purchase it online as well.
 
'''2018 update: Look in cosmetics stores and smaller shops that sell beauty supplies near universities. One box of Tampax (with applicators) will cost you ~16TL.'''
 
  
 
===Costs===
 
===Costs===
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===What to Get & Where to Get It===
 
===What to Get & Where to Get It===
  
There are a many hospitals and clinics in Istanbul, not only because it's a massive city, but also because it's a medical tourism destination. For this reason, it's recommended that you carefully consider the full range of options before making your choice. As a starting point, you should first know the three main types of hospitals to choose from. There are three main types:
+
There are a many hospitals and clinics in Istanbul, not only because it's a massive city, but also because it's a medical tourism destination. For this reason, it's recommended that you carefully consider the full range of options before making your choice. As a starting point, you can check out this [http://www.allaboutturkey.com/hospital_istanbul.htm list of private hospitals in Istanbul]. For hospitals with English-speaking staff, you can check out this [https://photos.state.gov/libraries/istanbul/231771/PDFs/Hospital%20list-%20website%20version.pdf list from the American Consulate General].
  
* First, there are the state hospitals, or "Devlet Hastanesi" in Turkish. These public hospitals can be found all over Istanbul (for example, Uskudar Devlet Hastanesi, Beşiktaş Sait Çiftçi Devlet Hastanesi, etc). This [https://www.google.com/search?ei=Ccb4WdWXH8SO0wKG55SYDw&q=devlet%20hastanesi%20istanbul&oq=devlet+hastanesi+istanbul&gs_l=psy-ab.3..0j0i22i30k1l9.28408.29406.0.29593.9.9.0.0.0.0.112.840.5j4.9.0....0...1.1.64.psy-ab..0.9.836...0i20i263k1.0.yFDg7XW7ItI&npsic=0&rflfq=1&rlha=0&rllag=40946314,29036906,17880&tbm=lcl&rldimm=9057557611460465037&ved=0ahUKEwjwjLXtw5vXAhXqzVQKHZuZDEcQvS4IRzAA&rldoc=1&tbs=lrf:!2m1!1e2!2m1!1e3!3sIAE,lf:1,lf_ui:2#rlfi=hd:;si:9057557611460465037;mv:!1m3!1d176888.35698726412!2d28.9640655!3d41.006311749999995!2m3!1f0!2f0!3f0!3m2!1i1107!2i705!4f13.1;tbs:lrf:!2m1!1e2!2m1!1e3!3sIAE,lf:1,lf_ui:2 map] can give some sense of the distribution of the state hospitals in the city (though, be aware, that it probably doesn't show all state hospitals). If you're a Turkish citizen or have Turkish health care coverage, this is your cheapest option, and services will often be free. If you don't have Turkish health care coverage, the prices will be cheaper than a private hospital but they will not necessarily be "cheap." You can expect to pay quite a bit more than someone with Turkish health coverage. Meanwhile, for all patients at these hospitals, it's typical to deal with long wait times and bureaucracy. Health care practitioners will have varying levels of skill and sensitivity. The majority of the staff will not speak English, so it's recommended that you either know Turkish yourself or bring along someone who does.  
+
Before you make your choice, you should be aware of the three types of hospitals in Turkey. In this paragraph, we'll discuss all three options. First, there are the public hospitals, also known as the "Devlet Hastanesi," which translates to "state hospital." These state hospitals can be found all over Istanbul (for example, Uskudar Devlet Hastanesi, Beşiktaş Sait Çiftçi Devlet Hastanesi, etc). This [https://www.google.com/search?ei=Ccb4WdWXH8SO0wKG55SYDw&q=devlet%20hastanesi%20istanbul&oq=devlet+hastanesi+istanbul&gs_l=psy-ab.3..0j0i22i30k1l9.28408.29406.0.29593.9.9.0.0.0.0.112.840.5j4.9.0....0...1.1.64.psy-ab..0.9.836...0i20i263k1.0.yFDg7XW7ItI&npsic=0&rflfq=1&rlha=0&rllag=40946314,29036906,17880&tbm=lcl&rldimm=9057557611460465037&ved=0ahUKEwjwjLXtw5vXAhXqzVQKHZuZDEcQvS4IRzAA&rldoc=1&tbs=lrf:!2m1!1e2!2m1!1e3!3sIAE,lf:1,lf_ui:2#rlfi=hd:;si:9057557611460465037;mv:!1m3!1d176888.35698726412!2d28.9640655!3d41.006311749999995!2m3!1f0!2f0!3f0!3m2!1i1107!2i705!4f13.1;tbs:lrf:!2m1!1e2!2m1!1e3!3sIAE,lf:1,lf_ui:2 map] can give some sense of the distribution of the state hospitals in the city (though, be aware, that it probably doesn't show all state hospitals). If you're a Turkish citizen or have Turkish health care coverage, this is your cheapest option, and services will often be free. However, you may have to deal with long waits and bureaucracy. Health care practitioners will have varying levels of skill and sensitivity. The majority of the staff will not speak English, so it's recommended that you either know Turkish yourself or bring along someone who does. The second option is the Tip Merkezi Hospitals. They function like private hospitals in many ways, in the sense that they're more independently run and can have higher-quality care. Unlike private hospitals, they work harder to keep down the costs and they only accept Turkish Social Security (SGK). Finally, there are the private hospitals. Generally speaking, you'll find the most efficient, responsive and highest-quality care at these facilities. However, the costs will be much higher.
* Second, there are the Medical Centers, also known as "Tip Merkezi" in Turkish. You'll see many of these medical centers in Turkey, which always have "Tıp Merkezi" or "Medical Center" in the name. They function like private hospitals in many ways, in the sense that they're more independently run and can have higher-quality care. Unlike private hospitals, they work harder to keep down the costs and they only accept Turkish Social Security (SGK).
 
* Finally, there are the private hospitals. Generally speaking, you'll find the most efficient, responsive and highest-quality care at these facilities. However, the costs will be much higher. You can check out this [http://www.allaboutturkey.com/hospital_istanbul.htm list of private hospitals in Istanbul]. For private hospitals with English-speaking staff, you can check out this [https://photos.state.gov/libraries/istanbul/231771/PDFs/Hospital%20list-%20website%20version.pdf list from the American Consulate General].
 
  
Here are some useful terminology for hospital visits: Vagina = vajina. Labia = labia. Biopsy of the endometrium (= endometrium in Turkish) is called probe curetaj. Curettage = curetaj. Myoma= myom. Fibroid = fibrom . Cervix = serviks. Uterus = uterus. Cyst= kist. Polyp= polip. Breast = meme. Nipple = Mamelon.  
+
Finally, here's some useful terminology for hospital visits: Vagina = vajina. Labia = labia. Biopsy of the endometrium (= endometrium in Turkish) is called probe curetaj. Curettage = curetaj. Myoma= myom. Fibroid = fibrom . Cervix = serviks. Uterus = uterus. Cyst= kist. Polyp= polip. Breast = meme. Nipple = Mamelon.  
  
 
====Recommended Gynecologists at Public  and Tip Merkezi Hospitals====
 
====Recommended Gynecologists at Public  and Tip Merkezi Hospitals====
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To say "STD Test" in Turkish, simply say "STD Test" (it's the same as English). It seems that many hospitals can give tests for HIV, Hep B, Hep C and syphilis. However, it is much more difficult to also get tested for gonorrhea, chlamydia, etc. One way to get a free HIV, Hep B, Hep C and syphilis test is to donate blood to Kizilay (https://www.kizilay.org.tr/) because they test the blood and then get back to you. In July 2016, Şişli municipality launched a free and anonymous health service for the LGBT community, focusing on the prevention of STDs. Every 3 months, patients can receive a free STD test and examination. Patients can register with a nickname if they wish.
 
To say "STD Test" in Turkish, simply say "STD Test" (it's the same as English). It seems that many hospitals can give tests for HIV, Hep B, Hep C and syphilis. However, it is much more difficult to also get tested for gonorrhea, chlamydia, etc. One way to get a free HIV, Hep B, Hep C and syphilis test is to donate blood to Kizilay (https://www.kizilay.org.tr/) because they test the blood and then get back to you. In July 2016, Şişli municipality launched a free and anonymous health service for the LGBT community, focusing on the prevention of STDs. Every 3 months, patients can receive a free STD test and examination. Patients can register with a nickname if they wish.
  
Testimonial: "For all STD, after morning pills and infections, I believe the Austrian Hospital http://www.sjh.com.tr rocks! I am not sure about abortion. The prices are affordable (max 90-100 tl for a check-up and you have a second one within 10 days, free of charge, called 'control visit'). Moreover, it is half shared cost with SGK (national insurance) if you have it."
+
Testimonial: "For all STD, after morning pills and infections, I believe the Austrian Hospital http://www.sjh.com.tr rocks! I am not sure about the abortion since it is not legal here. The prices are affordable (max 90-100 tl for a check up and you have a second one within 10 days, free of charge, called 'control visit'). Moreover, it is half shared cost with SGK (national insurance) if you have it."
  
 
Here's a list of some clinics that do STD testing in Turkey: http://www.whatclinic.com/doctors/turkey/sexually-transmitted-diseases-testing
 
Here's a list of some clinics that do STD testing in Turkey: http://www.whatclinic.com/doctors/turkey/sexually-transmitted-diseases-testing
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===Laws & Social Stigmas===
 
===Laws & Social Stigmas===
  
Since 1983, abortion has been fully legal in Turkey. In 2012, a law was proposed that would allow doctors to refuse performing abortions. In response, protesters took the streets. The law did not pass, but many doctors (especially in public hospitals) have reportedly acted like the law passed, and they have decided to stop performing abortions. This means that, currently, you can get an abortion in Turkey -- but only at select hospitals/clinics.
+
Since 1983, abortion has been fully legal in Turkey. In 2012, a law was proposed that would allow doctors to refuse performing abortions. In response, protesters took the streets. The law did not pass, but many doctors (especially in public hospitals) have reportedly acted like the law passed, and they have decided to stop performing abortions. This means that, currently, you get an abortion in Turkey -- but not only at select hospitals/clinics.
  
 
In Turkey, you can get an abortion for up to 10 weeks of pregnancy. After 10 weeks, the abortion can only be performed if the woman's life is endangered or in cases of fetal impairment. Overall, legal reasons for abortion include: to save the life of the woman, to preserve physical health, to preserve mental health, rape or incest, fetal impairment, economic or social reasons, and availability on request. According to Law No. 2827 of 24 May 1983, Population Planning Law, married women need spousal consent, and minors or mentally disabled patients need approval from their parents, guardians or the magistrate's court. If there is endangerment to life or vital organs, no approval is required from spouses or parents/guardians. If there is a risk to the woman's life or risk of fetal malformation, two specialists (one ob/gyn and one specialist in a related field) must write their objective findings in a confirmation letter.  
 
In Turkey, you can get an abortion for up to 10 weeks of pregnancy. After 10 weeks, the abortion can only be performed if the woman's life is endangered or in cases of fetal impairment. Overall, legal reasons for abortion include: to save the life of the woman, to preserve physical health, to preserve mental health, rape or incest, fetal impairment, economic or social reasons, and availability on request. According to Law No. 2827 of 24 May 1983, Population Planning Law, married women need spousal consent, and minors or mentally disabled patients need approval from their parents, guardians or the magistrate's court. If there is endangerment to life or vital organs, no approval is required from spouses or parents/guardians. If there is a risk to the woman's life or risk of fetal malformation, two specialists (one ob/gyn and one specialist in a related field) must write their objective findings in a confirmation letter.  
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* Morçatı Kadın Sığınağı Vakfı (Purple Roof Women’s Shelter and Foundation) - Provides legal and practical aid to women who are victims of domestic violence Phone: Email: 0090 212 292 52 31-32. Katip Mustafa Celebi Mah. Anadolu Sok. No:23 D:7-8, Beyoglu-Istanbul, Turkey morcati@ttnet.net.tr. (http://www.morcati.org.tr/tr/)
 
* Morçatı Kadın Sığınağı Vakfı (Purple Roof Women’s Shelter and Foundation) - Provides legal and practical aid to women who are victims of domestic violence Phone: Email: 0090 212 292 52 31-32. Katip Mustafa Celebi Mah. Anadolu Sok. No:23 D:7-8, Beyoglu-Istanbul, Turkey morcati@ttnet.net.tr. (http://www.morcati.org.tr/tr/)
*[http://www.kadincinayetlerinidurduracagiz.net/for-english We Will Stop Femicide]: "The platform strives for stopping femicide and ensuring their protection from violence. It fights against all types women’s rights violations, starting wih the violation right to life." Phone: +90 506 880 20 61. Email: kadincinayetlerinidurduracagiz@gmail.com
 
  
 
===Costs===
 
===Costs===
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==List of Additional Resources==
 
==List of Additional Resources==
  
* [https://www.saglik.gov.tr/ Turkish Ministry of Health]
 
* [http://www.tapv.org.tr/ Türkiye Aile Sağlığı ve Planlaması Vakfı (Turkey Family Health and Planning Foundation)]
 
 
* Istanbul Hollaback - "Hollaback! is an international movement to end harassment. We believe that everyone has the right to feel safe and confident in public spaces." (http://istanbul-en.ihollaback.org/)
 
* Istanbul Hollaback - "Hollaback! is an international movement to end harassment. We believe that everyone has the right to feel safe and confident in public spaces." (http://istanbul-en.ihollaback.org/)
 
* Kirmiza Semsiye/Red Umbrella Sexual Health and Human Rights Association - "Red Umbrella Sexual Health and Human Rights Association aims to raise awareness and visibility regarding human rights violations experienced by male, female and transgender sex workers in Turkey." Based in Ankara. Phone: +90312.419.2991. Email: kirmizisemsiye@kirmizisemsiye.org. Website: http://kirmizisemsiye.org/
 
* Kirmiza Semsiye/Red Umbrella Sexual Health and Human Rights Association - "Red Umbrella Sexual Health and Human Rights Association aims to raise awareness and visibility regarding human rights violations experienced by male, female and transgender sex workers in Turkey." Based in Ankara. Phone: +90312.419.2991. Email: kirmizisemsiye@kirmizisemsiye.org. Website: http://kirmizisemsiye.org/

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