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 h English (en)Historically, the Mongolian government has neglected family planning services -- and, in fact, the country had essentially no family planning services until the 1990s. Before that time, the Mongolian government had a pro-natalist policy. The importation of contraceptives was highly restricted,<ref>[ Knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning in Mongolia, 1997]</ref> and most Mongolian women could only access intra-uterine devices (IUDs). No other contraceptive options were available.<ref>[ SITUATION ANALYSIS OF FAMILY PLANNING IN MONGOLIA, 2016]</ref> In the 1990s, the Mongolian Family Welfare Association (MFWA), an affiliate of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), created a branch of the organization that specifically targeted women in rural communities. MFWA provided reproductive health lessons to schools, though it struggled to reach many Mongolians who lived in remote and rural areas, often nomadically.<ref>[ Family planning reaches Mongolia's spacious steppes, 1997]</ref>