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Alabama

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OVERVIEW

Contraception (Birth Control)[edit | edit source]

General Note: There are many types of contraceptives, also known as "birth control," including IUDs, oral contraceptives, patches, shots, and condoms, etc. If you would like to view a full list, click here. It is recommended that you consult with a health practitioner to determine the best contraceptive choice for you. If you want to find which hormonal contraceptives are available by brand, manufacturer or country, click here.

Laws & Social Stigmas[edit | edit source]

What to Get & Where to Get It[edit | edit source]

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Emergency Contraception (Morning After Pill)[edit | edit source]

Important Notes: Emergency contraception may prevent pregnancy for three days (72 hours) and sometimes five days (120 hours) after unprotected sex. Take EC as soon as possible after unprotected sex to prevent pregnancy. If you don't have access to dedicated EC, oral contraceptives can be used as replacement EC, but remember the following: 1) Only some contraceptives work as EC 2) Different contraceptives require different dosages and time schedules to work as EC 3) For combined pills, you must only use the first 21 pills in 28-day packs and 4) They may be less effective than dedicated EC. For general information on emergency contraceptives, click here and here.

Laws & Social Stigmas[edit | edit source]

What to Get & Where to Get It[edit | edit source]

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Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs/STDs)[edit | edit source]

Important Notes - Learn about PEP and PrEP: If you think that you've been recently exposed to HIV (i.e. within 72 hours), seek out PEP (Post-Exposure Prophylaxis). It's a month-long treatment to prevent HIV infection after exposure, and it may be available in your city. Take PEP as soon as possible. For more information, click here. If you are at risk of HIV exposure, seek out PrEP (Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis). It's a daily oral pill that can prevent HIV infection before exposure. To learn more about PrEP, click here.

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Testing Facilities[edit | edit source]

Treatment & Support[edit | edit source]

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Medications & Vaccines[edit | edit source]

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Menstruation[edit | edit source]

Note: In addition to pads and tampons, you can also use menstrual cups and menstrual underwear for your period. To learn more about menstrual cups, click here.

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Gynecological Exams[edit | edit source]

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Pregnancy[edit | edit source]

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Abortion[edit | edit source]

Important Note: There are two main types of abortions: medical (also known as the "abortion pill") and surgical (also known as "in-clinic"). For medical abortions, you take a pill to induce abortion. For surgical abortions, a procedure is performed to induce abortion. For general information about medical and surgical abortions, click here.

Laws & Social Stigmas[edit | edit source]

Abortion in Alabama is generally illegal.[1] The only exception to this rule is when a physician, who is licensed in the state of Alabama, determines that an abortion is necessary to prevent "...a serious health risk to the unborn child's mother."[1] In this case, a secondary opinion from another physician will also need to be attained in writing within 180 days of the abortion procedure, unless there is a medical emergency.[1] Before the abortion procedure can be performed, the patient needs to receive counseling that discourages abortion and wait for 48 hours before the procedure can occur.[2] If the patient is a minor, their parent or guardian must consent to the abortion.[2] Telemedicine for abortion medication is not allowed.[2]

What to Get & Where to Get It[edit | edit source]

Costs[edit | edit source]

  • If someone is getting a legal abortion due to a "serious health risk," they can have the procedure covered by the Alabama health exchange under the Affordable Care Act.[2]

Advocacy & Counseling[edit | edit source]

LGBTQ+ Resources[edit | edit source]

Additional Resources[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]